World Trade Center (1973–2001)

This airticle is aboot the World Trade Center building complex prior to the September 11 attacks. For the current buildings, see World Trade Center (2001–present).

The original World Trade Center was a large complex of seven buildings in Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States. It featured the landmark Twin Towers, which opened on April 4, 1973 and were destroyed in 2001 during the September 11 attacks. At the time of their completion, the Twin Towers — the original 1 World Trade Center, at 1,368 feet (417 m); and 2 World Trade Center, at 1,362 feet (415.1 m) — were the tallest buildings in the world. Other buildings in the complex included the Marriott World Trade Center (3 WTC), 4 WTC, 5 WTC, 6 WTC, and 7 WTC. The complex was located in New York City's Financial District and contained 13,400,000 square feet (1,240,000 m2) of office space.[4][5]

World Trade Center
World Trade Center, New York City - aerial view (March 2001).jpg
The original complex in March 2001. The tower on the left, with antenna spire, was 1 WTC. The tower on the right was 2 WTC. All seven buildings of the WTC complex are partially visible; refer to map below. The red granite-clad building left of the Twin Towers was the original 7 World Trade Center. In the background is the East River.
World Trade Center (1973–2001) is locatit in Lawer Manhattan
World Trade Center (1973–2001)
World Trade Center (1973–2001) is locatit in Manhattan
World Trade Center (1973–2001)
World Trade Center (1973–2001) is locatit in New York City
World Trade Center (1973–2001)
World Trade Center (1973–2001) is locatit in New York
World Trade Center (1973–2001)
World Trade Center (1973–2001) is locatit in the US
World Trade Center (1973–2001)
Location within Lawer Manhattan
Record hicht
Tawest in the warld from 1971 tae 1973[I]
Preceded biEmpire State Building
Surpassed biWillis Tower
General information
StatusDestroyed
LocationLower Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates40°42′42″N 74°00′45″W / 40.71167°N 74.01250°W / 40.71167; -74.01250Coordinates: 40°42′42″N 74°00′45″W / 40.71167°N 74.01250°W / 40.71167; -74.01250
GrundbreakinAugust 5, 1966; 53 years ago (August 5, 1966)
Construction stairtit
  • 1 WTC: August 6, 1968
  • 2 WTC: January 1969
  • 3 WTC: March 1979
  • 4, 5, and 6 WTC: 1970
  • 7 WTC: October 2, 1984
Completit
  • 1 WTC: December 23, 1970
  • 2 WTC: July 19, 1971
  • 3 WTC: April 1, 1981
  • 4, 5, and 6 WTC: April 4, 1973
  • 7 WTC: May 1987[1]
OpeninApril 4, 1973; 46 years ago (April 4, 1973)
DestroyedSeptember 11, 2001; 18 years ago (September 11, 2001)
AinerPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
Other information
Hicht
Antenna spire1 WTC: 1,728 feet (526.7 m)
Ruif
  • 1 WTC: 1,368 feet (417.0 m)
  • 2 WTC: 1,362 feet (415.1 m)
  • 3 WTC: 250 feet (76.2 m)
  • 4 and 5 WTC: 120 feet (36.6 m)
  • 6 WTC: 110 feet (33.5 m)
  • 7 WTC: 610 feet (185.9 m)
Tap fluir
  • 1 WTC: 1,355 feet (413 m)
  • 2 WTC: 1,348 ft (411 m)
Technical details
Fluir coont
  • 1 and 2 WTC: 110 floors
  • 3 WTC: 22 floors
  • 4 and 5 WTC: 9 floors
  • 6 WTC: 8 floors
  • 7 WTC: 47 floors
Fluir aurie
  • 1 and 2 WTC: 4,300,000 sq ft (400,000 m2) each
  • 4, 5, and 6 WTC: 500,000 sq ft (50,000 m2) each
  • 7 WTC: 1,868,000 sq ft (170,000 m2)
Lifts/elevators1 and 2 WTC: 99 each
Design an construction
Airchitect
DeveloperPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
IngineerWorthington, Skilling, Helle & Jackson,[2] Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Main contractorTishman Realty & Construction Company
References
I. ^ World Trade Center at Emporis
[3]

The core of the complex was built between 1975 and 1985, with a cost of $400 million (equivalent to $2.27 billion in 2018).[6] The World Trade Center experienced a fire on February 13, 1975,[7] a bombing on February 26, 1993,[8] and a bank robbery on January 14, 1998.[9] In 1998, the Port Authority decided to privatize the World Trade Center, leasing the buildings to a private company to manage, and awarded the lease to Silverstein Properties in July 2001.[10]















World Trade Center
World Trade Center, New York City - aerial view (March 2001).jpg
The oreeginal World Trade Center in Mairch 2001. The touer on the left, wi antenna spire, wis 1 WTC. The touer on the richt was 2 WTC. Aw seiven biggins o the WTC complex are pairtially veesible. The reid granite-clad biggin left o the Twin Towers wis the oreeginal 7 World Trade Center. In the backgrund is the East River.
Record hicht
Tawest in the warld from 1971 tae 1973[I]
Preceded biEmpire State Building
Surpassed biWillis Tower
General information
StatusDestroyed
LocationLawer Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates40°42′42″N 74°00′45″W / 40.71167°N 74.01250°W / 40.71167; -74.01250Coordinates: 40°42′42″N 74°00′45″W / 40.71167°N 74.01250°W / 40.71167; -74.01250{{#coordinates:}}: canna hae mair nor ane primar tag per page
GrundbreakinAugust 25, 1966
Construction stairtit
  • 1 WTC: August 1968
  • 2 WTC: Januar 1969
  • 3 WTC: December 1979
  • 4, 5, an 6 WTC: 1970
  • 7 WTC: 1983
Completit
  • 1 WTC: December 23, 1970
  • 2 WTC: Julie 19, 1971
  • 3 WTC: Julie 1981
  • 4, 5, an 6 WTC: 1975
  • 7 WTC: Mey 1987[11]
OpeninAprile 4, 1973
DestroyedSeptember 11, 2001
AinerPort Authority o New York an New Jersey
Other information
Hicht
Antenna spire1 WTC: 1,730 feet (530 m)
Ruif
  • 1 WTC: 1,368 feet (417 m)
  • 2 WTC: 1,362 feet (415 m)
  • 3 WTC: 250 feet (76 m)
  • 4 and 5 WTC: 120 feet (37 m)
  • 6 WTC: 110 feet (34 m)
  • 7 WTC: 610 feet (190 m)
Tap fluir
  • 1 WTC: 1,350 feet (410 m)
  • 2 WTC: 1,350 feet (410 m)
Technical details
Fluir coont
  • 1 an 2 WTC: 110 fluirs
  • 3 WTC: 22 fluirs
  • 4 and 5 WTC: 9 fliurs
  • 6 WTC: 8 fluirs
  • 7 WTC: 47 fluirs
Fluir aurie
  • 1 and 2 WTC: 4,300,000 sq ft (400,000 m2) each
  • 4, 5, an 6 WTC: 500,000 sq ft (50,000 m2) each
  • 7 WTC: 1,868,000 sq ft (170,000 m2)
Lifts/elevators1 an 2 WTC: 99 each
Design an construction
Airchitect
IngineerWorthington, Skilling, Helle & Jackson,[12] Leslie E. Robertson Associates
[13]

The oreeginal World Trade Center (Scots: Warld Trade Centre) wis a lairge complex o seiven biggins in Lawer Manhattan, New York Ceety, Unitit States. It featurt laundmerk twin touers, which opened on Aprile 4, 1973, an war destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks, wi 7 World Trade Center collapsin later that day due tae the damage it suffered whan the twin touers collapsed that mornin. The ither biggins in the complex war severely damaged bi the collapse o the twin touers, an thair ruins war eventually demolished.

ReferencesEedit

  1. "History of the Twin Towers". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. June 1, 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal on December 28, 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. "Twin Towers Engineered To Withstand Jet Collision". Seattle Times. February 27, 1993.
  3. World Trade Center (1973–2001) at Emporis
  4. Holusha, John (January 6, 2002). "Commercial Property; In Office Market, a Time of Uncertainty". The New York Times. Retrieved November 21, 2008.
  5. "Ford recounts details of Sept. 11". Real Estate Weekly. BNET. February 27, 2002. Archived frae the oreeginal on May 26, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  6. Inflatit vailyies automatically calculatit. Error: undefined index "US-GDP" when using {{Inflation-fn}}
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  11. "History of the Twin Towers". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. June 1, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
  12. "Twin Towers Engineered To Withstand Jet Collision". Seattle Times. February 27, 1993.
  13. World Trade Center (1973–2001) at Emporis