Tres Cantos is a tounship an municipality locatit in the autonomous commonty o Madrid, Spain, some 22 km north o the caipital ceety, Madrid.

Tres Cantos
Casa Consistorial (toun haw)
Casa Consistorial (toun haw)
Tres Cantos is located in Spain
Tres Cantos
Tres Cantos
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 40°35′58″N 3°42′42″W / 40.59944°N 3.71167°W / 40.59944; -3.71167
KintraSpain Spain
Autonomous commontyCommonty o Madrid Commonty o Madrid
ComarcaMadrid metropolitan aurie
 • MayorJesús Moreno García (PP)
 • Total37.93 km2 (14.64 sq mi)
710 m (2,330 ft)
 • Total41,896
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
28760, 28761, 28790

History eedit

Tres Cantos is a 'new commonty' or planned tounship, which wis first commissioned bi the dictatorship o Francisco Franco in 1971 tae be established on landwart laund cedit bi the ceety o Colmenar Viejo. Residential occupation began frae 1982, an in 1991 it wis incorporatit as a separate municipality, the newest in aw o Spain. Infrastructur development haes continued apace, wi a current (2005) 5-year development plan bi local govrenment authorities allouin for expansion o up tae 60,000 inhabitants.

Geografie eedit

Tres Cantos wis built on umwhile landwart land, aboot haufwey frae the northren ootskirts o suburban Madrid tae the Guadarrama muntain range, which are frequently snaw-cappit in winter. It lees in a slicht valley shapit wi twa eastwairds-flowin creeks, boondit tae the sooth bi a heicher plateau leadin tae Madrid, an tae the wast an north bi mair hilly terrain, which separates the aurie frae the wattershed o the Manzanares River. General elevation o the tounship is aroond 680 m, wi a heichest elevation athin the municipality's borders o 730 m. The terrain rises towards the fuithills o the Guadarrama range tae the north an northwast, reachin elevations in excess o 800 m athort the border in Colmenar Viejo. Athin the urban aurie the terrain is gently undulatin.

Demographics eedit

Coat o airms o Tres Cantos

In 2004 the residential population o Tres Cantos wis 38,882 accordin tae Naitional Institute o Statistics (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, or INE) figurs; housomeivver later estimates put the figur at aroond 45,000. Population growthe haes been in decline syne the peak o the initial influx o residents in the early 1990s, housomeivver futur plans for expansion are designed tae catter for a eventual population o aroond 60,000.

A strikin featur o Tres Cantos' demographic profile is the lairge proportion o young profeesionals (agit 45 an unner) wi childer, compared tae Madrid an the naitional average. This population structur reflects the nucleus o those who left the croudit confines o Madrid tae settle in the new commonty o Tres Cantos in the 1980s an 1990s, resultin in a predominance o young, double-income an hame-awnin faimilies o 2 tae 3 childer. Some 40% o the toun's population are unner 20 (amaist double the naitional average), an less nor 6% are ower the age o 65 (considerably less nor hauf the naitional average). The birth rate is double the naitional average an aw.

Some 10% o the population are foreign-born (extranjeros), wi those frae Laitin American kintras representin ower hauf o these, an those frae ither European kintras a further 33%. Again, mony o the immigrant population are profeesionals employed bi multinaitional companies in fields such as technology, who hae settled in Spain efter first arrivin on wirk assignment, mony o whom are marriet tae Spainyie naitionals.

Eddicational accreditation amang Tres Cantos inhabitants is abuin the naitional average an aw, wi some 60% o prime income earners hauldin a tertiary qualification or heicher. Average income levels reflect these eddication levels an profeesional employment opportunities, wi ower 55% haein salaries in the upper-middle or heicher income range. Mony hoosehaulds hae dual-incomes. Approximately 15% o hoosehaulds are classifee'd as lawer-middle an law-income hoosehaulds.

An owerwhelmin majority o the employed wirk in the services sector, either in Madrid or in Tres Cantos itsel. A majority o wirkin residents regularly commute tae Madrid for wirk, wi anerly aboot a quairter o the wirkforce haein employment in Tres Cantos itsel. Those who remain ahint are jyned bi a daily influx o approximately 20,000 who commute frae Madrid an its environs tae Tres Cantos for wirk. Licht an middlin industries accoont for some 20% o employment in Tres Cantos, the construction sector providin a further 7.4%; a bare haundful (0.2%) are employed in agricultur.

Economy an industry eedit

Tres Cantos' main economic activity is derivit frae the existence o various heich-tech factories an heidquairters in designated zones, includin frae the pharmaceutical, aerospace an computin industries.

Approximately 20,000 employees frae ootside o Tres Cantos (predominanty Madrid) commute daily tae wirk in its industrial zones its "Technological Pairk," hame o cuttin-edge companies in the aerospace industry, such as GMV Innovating Solutions. Ither multinaitional corporations wi offices an/or production in Tres Cantos are: Lucent Technologies, BP Solar, BDF Nivea, Nokia Siemens Networks, Samsonite, Altair, Siemens, Dannon, GMV, an IFS. Maist recently, the lairgest cable provider in Spain, SOGECABLE, relocatit here. The heidquairters o baith the Real Automóvil Club de España an the Spainyie Metrology Centre are locatit in Tres Cantos.

Sister ceeties eedit

Sports clubs eedit

Notes an references eedit

Freemit airtins eedit

Coordinates: 40°35′58″N 3°42′42″W / 40.59944°N 3.71167°W / 40.59944; -3.71167