The Soothren Ocean (an aa kent as the Great Soothren Ocean, Antarctic Ocean, Sooth Polar Ocean an Austral Ocean) comprises the soothrenmaist watters o the Warld Ocean, generally taken tae be sooth o 60°S latitude an encirclin Antarctica. As sic, it is regardit as the fowert-lairgest o the five principal oceanic diveesions (efter the Paceefic, Atlantic, an Indian Oceans, but lairger nor the Arctic Ocean). This ocean zone is whaur cauld, northward flowin watters frae the Antarctic mix wi warmer subantarctic watters.
Geografers disagree on the Soothren Ocean's northren boondary or even its existence, wi mony considerin the watters pairt o the Paceefic, Atlantic, an Indian Oceans insteid. Ithers regaird the Antarctic Convergence, an ocean zone which fluctuates seasonally, as separatin the Soothren Ocean frae ither oceans, rather nor the 60t parallel. Australie authorities regaird the Soothren Ocean as lyin immediately sooth o Australie.
- "Geography - Southern Ocean". CIA Factbook. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
... the Southern Ocean has the unique distinction of being a large circumpolar body of water totally encircling the continent of Antarctica; this ring of water lies between 60 degrees south latitude and the coast of Antarctica and encompasses 360 degrees of longitude.
- "Introduction - Southern Ocean". CIA Factbook. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
...As such, the Southern Ocean is now the fourth largest of the world's five oceans (after the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and Indian Ocean, but larger than the Arctic Ocean).
- Pyne, Stephen J.; The Ice: A Journey to Antarctica. University of Washington Press, 1986. (A study of Antarctica's exploration, earth-sciences, icescape, esthetics, literature, and geopolitics)
- Darby, Andrew (22 December 2003). "Canberra all at sea over position of Southern Ocean". The Age. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- "Indian Ocean". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 January 2013.