Sestroretsk (Roushie: Сестроре́цк; Finnish: Siestarjoki; Swadish: Systerbäck) is a municipal toun in Kurortny Destrict o the federal ceety o St. Petersburg, Roushie, locatit on the shores o the Guwf o Finland, the Sestra River an the Sestroretskiy Lake 34 kilometer (21 mi) northwast o St. Petersburg. Population: 36,680 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 40,287 (2002 Census);[2] 30,500 (1975).

Munitions factoryEedit

Sestroretsk wis foundit bi Peter the Great in 1714 due tae the construction o a munitions factory (the day's Sestroretsk Toolmaking Factory).

HealthcareEedit

The toun is kent as a balneologic and climatic resort. A lairge hospital an rehabilitation centre is situatit athin the boondaries o the toun. It is the Ceety hospital No. 40 o Saunt Petersburg.

Poleetical historyEedit

In 1812, the toun wis incorporatit intae the Grand Duchy o Finland, alang wi Auld Finland. In 1864, the toun wis transferred tae Roushie in exchynge for a promise o compensation, supposedly in the form o access tae the Arctic Ocean at Petsamo.[3]

TransportEedit

Railwey stationsEedit

Electric railweyEedit

In 1875, Fyodor Pirotsky experimentit wi electrically pouered railwey caurs on the Miller's line railwey. The electricity wis transferred ower a distance o approximately ane kilometre. Although the experiment did no last, this wis the first uise o electricity tae pouer ony railwey in the warld.[4] Anither local railwey line o historical interest is the Sestroretsk spur line.

Vodoslivnyy canalEedit

The Vodoslivnyy canal runs athort the toun frae east tae wast an connects the Sestroretskiy Lake wi the Guwf o Finland (Easter Seas).

Sister ceetiesEedit

The follaein ceeties are twinned wi Sestroretsk:[5]

ReferencesEedit

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  2. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. "Siestarjoki" (in Finnish). Projekt Runeberg. Pieni Tietosanakirja. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
  4. "Ретро-трамвай петербургская классика: Биография Фёдора Пироцкого" (in Russian). 2006. Archived frae the original on 4 Julie 2007. Retrieved 12 October 2010.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  5. "Äänekosken kaupungin ystävyyskuntatoiminnan edistäminen". City of Äänekoski. Archived frae the original on 19 Julie 2012. Retrieved 1 Juin 2012. (in Norse)

Freemit airtinsEedit