Samashki (Roushie: Самашки; Chechen: Саьмаӏашка) is a landwart locality (a selo) in Achkhoy-Martanovsky Destrict o Chechnie, Roushie, locatit on the wastren plains. Population: 11,275 (2010 Census);[1] 10,824 (2002 Census).[2]

HistoryEedit

Syne 1992, it is a border veelage wi the Republic o Ingushetie. The pre-war population of Samashki coontit aboot 14,600 fowk (aboot 12,000 in October 1999[3]).

Durin baith Chechen Wars the veelage suffered greatly frae the hostilities,[3] maist notably in the notorious Aprile 1995 incident kent as Samashki massacre which resultit in the daiths o mair nor 100 tae 300 civilians.

In Mairch 1996 anither attack on the toun teuk the form o a full-scale assault wi apparent disregard for the civilian lives; accordin tae Human Rights Watch, Roushie forces uised civilians as a human shields on APCs.[4] Reports suggestit some 500 civilians wur killed aathegither in the result o the Aprile 1995 an Mairch 1996 attacks.[5] The next month, Roushie journalist Nadezhda Chaikova, who haed filmit the effects o the 1996 attack, wis killed execution-style in Chechnie.[6]

A devastatin airtillery an rocket attack on Samashki teuk place in October 1999 at the beginnin o the Seicont Chechen War, despite the demilitarization o the veelage,[7] killin or injurin dozens o residents on the day o 27 October 1999 alane, accordin tae HRW.[8] At the time, the deputy commander o the North Caucasus Militar Destrict annooncit that thare wur anerly "bandits an terrorists" in Samashki,[5] but a report for the Breetish pairlament claimit civilians wur killed in revenge for the hivy casualties suffered thare bi Roushie forces durin the first war.[9]

Federal forces reporti a lairge-scale operation in Samashki in Mey 2000.[10]

TransportationEedit

A railway line frae Nazran tae Grozny runs throu Samashki. The RostovBaku Heich-gate, which connects Nazran, Grozny, an Gudermes, lees fower kilometres tae the sooth o Samashki.

ReferencesEedit

  1. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. a b Chechen villagers ask, why us?, The Guardian, November 17, 1999
  4. ACCOUNTABILITY By the Russian Side, Human Rights Watch, 1997
  5. a b Russian bombardment sows terror in town, Boston Globe, 13 November 1999
  6. Journalists Killed in 1996: 26 Confirmed, Committee to Protect Journalists, December 31, 1996
  7. How war came to a Chechen village, BBC News, 1 December 1999
  8. Many Civilians Killed in Samashki Village, Chechnya, Human Rights Watch, November 4, 1999
  9. The Conflict in Chechnya, Pairlament o the Unitit Kinrick, 2000
  10. Top Russians killed in Chechnya, BBC News, 31 May 2000