Francesco Petrarca (Italian pronunciation: [franˈtʃesko peˈtrarka]; 20 Julie 1304 – 19 Julie 1374), commonly anglicised as Petrarch, wis an Italian scholar an poet in Renaissance Italy, an ane o the earliest humanists. His rediskivery o Cicero's letters is eften creditit wi ineetiatin the 14t-century Renaissance. Petrarch is eften conseedert the foonder o Humanism.[1] In the 16t century, Pietro Bembo creatit the model for the modren Italian leid based on Petrarch's warks, as weel as thae o Giovanni Boccaccio, an, tae a lesser extent, Dante Alighieri.[2] Petrarch wad be later endorsed as a model for Italian style bi the Accademia della Crusca.

Francesco Petrarca00.jpg
Born20 Julie 1304(1304-07-20)
Arezzo, Italy
Dee'd19 Julie 1374(1374-07-19) (aged 69)
Arquà, Italy
ThriftScholar, poet
PeriodEarly Renaissance
Leeterar muivementRenaissance humanism
BairnsGiovanni (1337–1361)
Francesca (born in 1343)
RelativesEletta Canigiani (mither)
Ser Petracco (faither)

Petrarch's sonnets war admired an imitatit ootthrou Europe in the Renaissance an becam a model for lyrical poetry. He is an aw kent for bein the first tae develop the concept o the "Daurk Ages."[3]


  1. This designation appears, for instance, in a recent review o Carol Quillen's Rereading the Renaissance.
  2. In the Prose della volgar lingua, Bembo propones Petrarch an Boccaccio as models o Italian style, while expressin reservations aboot emulatin Dante's uissage.
  3. Renaissance or Prenaissance, Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 4, No. 1. (Jan. 1943), pp. 69–74; Theodore E. Mommsen, "Petrarch's Conception of the 'Dark Ages'" Speculum 17.2 (April 1942: 226–242); JSTOR link to a collection of several letters in the same issue.

4. Massimo Colella, «Cantin le ninfe co’ soavi accenti». Per una definizione del petrarchismo di Veronica Gambara, in «Testo», 2022.