Francesco Petrarca (Italian pronunciation: [franˈtʃesko peˈtrarka]; 20 Julie 1304 – 19 Julie 1374), commonly anglicised as Petrarch, wis an Italian scholar an poet in Renaissance Italy, an ane o the earliest humanists. His rediskivery o Cicero's letters is eften creditit wi ineetiatin the 14t-century Renaissance. Petrarch is eften conseedert the foonder o Humanism. In the 16t century, Pietro Bembo creatit the model for the modren Italian leid based on Petrarch's warks, as weel as thae o Giovanni Boccaccio, an, tae a lesser extent, Dante Alighieri. Petrarch wad be later endorsed as a model for Italian style bi the Accademia della Crusca.
|Born||20 Julie 1304|
|Dee'd||19 Julie 1374 (aged 69)|
|Leeterar muivement||Renaissance humanism|
Francesca (born in 1343)
|Relatives||Eletta Canigiani (mither)|
Ser Petracco (faither)
- This designation appears, for instance, in a recent review o Carol Quillen's Rereading the Renaissance.
- In the Prose della volgar lingua, Bembo propones Petrarch an Boccaccio as models o Italian style, while expressin reservations aboot emulatin Dante's uissage.
- Renaissance or Prenaissance, Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 4, No. 1. (Jan. 1943), pp. 69–74; Theodore E. Mommsen, "Petrarch's Conception of the 'Dark Ages'" Speculum 17.2 (April 1942: 226–242); JSTOR link to a collection of several letters in the same issue.