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For ither uises, see Perak (disambiguation).

Perak (Jawi: ڨيرق,), ane o the 13 states o Malaysie, is the seicont lairgest state in Peninsular Malaysie. It borders Kedah an the Thai Yala Province tae the north; Penang tae the northwast; Kelantan an Pahang tae the east; Selangor tae the sooth, an the Straits o Malacca tae the wast.

Negeri Perak
Perak Darul Ridzuan
ڨيرق دار الرّضوان
Banner o Negeri Perak
Coat o airms o Negeri Perak
Coat o airms
Motto(s): Perak AmanJaya
Anthem: Allah Lanjutkan Usia Sultan
   Perak in    Malaysie
   Perak in    Malaysie
Coordinates: 4°45′N 101°0′E / 4.750°N 101.000°E / 4.750; 101.000
Caipital Ipoh
Ryal caipital Kuala Kangsar
 • Sultan Sultan Azlan Shah
 • Menteri Besar Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO)
 • Total 21,035 km2 (8,122 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Tot 2,258,428
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Human Development Index
 • HDI (2010) 0.719 (high) (8th)
Postal code 30xxx to 36xxx
Cawin code 05
Vehicle registration A
Pangkor treaty 1874
Federatit intae FMS 1895
Japanese occupation 1942
Accession intae the Federation o Malaya 1948

The state's admeenistrative caipital o Ipoh wis kent historically for tin-minin activities till the price o the metal droppit, severely affectin the state's economy. The ryal caipital, housomeivver remains at Kuala Kangsar, whaur the palace o the Sultan o Perak is locatit.

The Arabic honorific o Perak is Darul Ridzuan ("Abode o Grace").


The state's offeecial name is Perak Darul Ridzuan (Jawi: ڨيرق دار الرّضوان), or "Perak, the Abode o Grace" Perak means siller in Malay, which is probably derivit frae the silvery colour o tin. In the 1890s, Perak, wi the richest alluvial deposits o tin in the warld wis ane o the jewels in the croun o the Breetish Empire. Housomeivver, some say the name comes frae the "glimmer o fish in the watter" that sparkled like siller. Darul Ridzuan is the state's Arabic honorific, an can mean either "land" or "abode" o grace.


  1. "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 27. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2011-01-24. 
  2. "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. iv. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2011-01-24. 

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