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Minya (Arabic: ‏المنيا‎ ‎Al Minyā, Egyptian Arabic: [elˈmenjæ]) is the caipital o Minya Govrenorate in Upper Egyp. It is locatit approximately 245 km (152 miles) sooth o Cairo on the wastren bank o the Nile River, which flows north throu the ceety. The name o the ceety is derived frae its Auncient Egyptian name Men'at Khufu meanin the nursin ceety o Khufu, linkin it tae the Pharoah Khufu or Cheops, foonder o the Great Pyramid at Giza.

The name Minya mey an aa hae oreeginatit frae the ceety's name in Sahidic Coptic Tmoone (f ⲧⲙⲟⲟⲛⲉ) andin Bohairic Thmonē (ⲑⲙⲟⲛⲏ), meanin "the residence", in reference tae an early monastery ance in the aurie. It is the ceety whaur the Codex Tchacos wis discovered.

Minya is dubbed bi the locals "Bride o Upper Egyp", in reference tae its strategic location in Middle Egyp as a vital link atween the north an the sooth o Egyp. Minya haes ane o the heichest concentration o Christian Coptic population in Egyp (approximately 50% o tot population).[1] It is the hame ceety o the Minya University, Suzanne Mubarak Center for Airts, the new Minya Museum, an the regional North o Upper Egyp Radio an TV.

EconomyEedit

The public sector predominates in industry, controllin maist o the production o caipital an intermediate guids. Amang the state-run industries are cement, minin, fertilizers an agricultural industries. The private sector is active in manufacturin o consumer guids, pairticularly in sma enterprises in an aroond the ceety. The principal private industries are fuid products, furnitur, an metal an woodwirkin. Awtho rich in history, tourism plays a trivial role in the economy o Minya due tae the violence that dominatit the aurie in the Nineties when the govrenment wis fechtin Islamic militants.

ClimateEedit

The ceety o Minya is locatit tichtly atween twa ranges o aboot 500m-muntains on baith wastren an eastren sides, an interestingly faws away frae the Mediterranean Sea an the Red Sea. Hence, thir conditions gie the ceety, nearbi towns an veelages a teepical properties o continental climate. Meanin that the ceety haes hersh an chilpy cauld winter wather, an vera het but non-humid simmers. Durin simmertime, temperatures coud reach 40C, while winter in Minya sees temperatures drop tae sub-zero levels at nicht. While hail or snaw are extremely rare due tae Minya's law precipitation averages, frost will occasionally form on cauld winter nichts. The average annual rainfaw in Minya is 5.3 mm.[2]

Climate data for Minya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 33
(91)
35
(95)
39
(102)
45
(113)
49
(120)
48
(118)
46
(115)
44
(111)
43
(109)
43
(109)
37
(99)
32
(90)
49
(120)
Average heich °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
25
(77)
28
(82)
35
(95)
36
(97)
38
(100)
38
(100)
36
(97)
32
(90)
27
(81)
22
(72)
30
(86)
Average law °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(39)
8
(46)
12
(54)
17
(63)
20
(68)
22
(72)
23
(73)
21
(70)
18
(64)
12
(54)
4
(39)
14
(57)
Record law °C (°F) −1
(30)
0
(32)
2
(36)
4
(39)
12
(54)
15
(59)
18
(64)
20
(68)
18
(64)
8
(46)
2
(36)
0
(32)
−1
(30)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
6
(0.2)
Mean monthly sunshine oors 286 275 310 310 340 370 370 352 310 268 260 210 3,661
[citation needit]

Notable NativesEedit

  • Suzanne Mubarak (born 28 Februar 1941), Egyp's First Lady (1981–2011)
  • Hoda Shaarawi (born Juin 23, 1879 dee'd December 12, 1947), a pioneer Egyptian feminist leader an naitionalist
  • Mahmoud Abouelleil (born 24 December 1935), Judge an a umwhile Meenister o Juistice o Egyp
  • Mervat Amin (born 24 November 1948), famous Egyptian actress
  • Anaam Muhammad Ali (born 15 May 1938), movie driector

Sister CeetiesEedit

  Hildesheim, Germany (1979)

ReferencesEedit

  1. Al-Ahram, Issue No.43948, 4 April 2007
  2. M. A. Zahran (2009). The Vegetation of Egypt. Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media B.V. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-4020-8755-4. 

Freemit airtinsEedit