Mettmann (destrict)

Mettmann is a Kreis (destrict) in the middle o North Rhine-Westphalie, Germany. Neebourin are the Ennepe-Ruhr an the destrict-free ceeties Wuppertal, Solingen, Düsseldorf, Duisburg, Mülheim, Essen. It is the maist densely populatit rural destrict in Germany; it borders Düsseldorf Internaitional Airport in the northwastren destrict borders, on the ceety limits o Ratingen, an is near Cologne Bonn Airport an aw. It wis namit efter Mettmann, its destrict seat.

Mettmann
North rhine w me.png
Kintra Germany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalie
Adm. regionDüsseldorf
CaipitalMettmann
Area
 • Total407.09 km2 (157.18 sq mi)
Population
 (31 Dizember 2018)[1]
 • Tot485,684
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationME
Wabsteidwww.kreis-mettmann.de

HistoryEedit

In the 12t century the aurie o the day's destrict became the property o the earldom Berg. When Napoleon I occupeed the aurie in 1792 it became a canton in the arrondissement Düsseldorf.

Efter the Congress o Vienna the aurie went tae Proushie in 1816 as pairt o the province Westphalie, an the first destrict Mettmann wis creatit. This destrict wis mergit frae 1820 till 1861 wi the destrict Elberfeld, which then became a ceety in its awn richt, nou it's pairt o Wuppertal. In 1877 the admeenistrative seat wis muivit tae Vohwinkel. In 1929 mair o the aurie wis given ower tae Wuppertal, an the destrict wis mergit wi the destrict Düsseldorf (Landkreis, excludin the ceety itsel), tae form the destrict Düsseldorf-Mettmann, wi admeenistrative seat in Düsseldorf. In 1952 the seat went back tae Mettmann, an efter the last reorganization o 1975/76 the destrict got back the auld name. The ceeties Langenfeld an Monheim wur includit intae the destrict then, while Kettwig became pairt o the ceety Essen.

GeographyEedit

The destrict Mettmann is locatit juist sooth o the Ruhr, next tae the big ceety o Düsseldorf.

Points o interestEedit

Maist famous is the valley o the sma river Düssel, the Neanderthal, whaur the fossils o the human species Neanderthals wur first foond.

Coat of armsEedit

  The red lion wi the blue tongue is the sign o the earldom Berg. In the black border it haes the seembols for the twa maist important industries o the destrict - the production o locks, an agricultur. The coat o airms wis designed in 1936 bi the painter an herald Pagenstecher frae Düsseldorf.

Touns an municipalitiesEedit

  1. Erkrath
  2. Haan
  3. Heiligenhaus
  4. Hilden
  5. Langenfeld
  1. Mettmann
  2. Monheim am Rhein
  3. Ratingen
  4. Velbert
  5. Wülfrath

ReferencesEedit

  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.

Freemit airtinsEedit

  Media relatit tae Kreis Mettmann at Wikimedia Commons