Twain wis raised in Hannibal, Missouri, which later providit the settin for Tom Sawyer an Huckleberry Finn. He served an apprenticeship wo a prenter an then wirkit as a teepsetter, contreibutin airticles tae the newspaper o his aulder brither Orion Clemens. He later becam a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River afore heidin wast tae jyne Orion in Nevada. He referred humorously tae his lack o success at minin, turnin tae jurnalism for the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise. His humorous story, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County", wis published in 1865, based on a story that he heard at Angels Hotel in Angels Camp, Californie, whaur he haed spent some time as a miner. The short story brocht internaitional attention an wis even translatit intae French. His wit an sateer, in prose an in speech, earned praise frae creetics an peers, an he wis a friend tae preses, airtists, industrialists, an European ryalty.
Twain earned a great deal o money frae his writins an lecturs, but he investit in venturs that lost maist o it—notably the Paige Compositor, a mechanical teepsetter that failed acause o its complexity an impreceesion. He filed for bankruptcy in the wauk o thir financial setbacks, but he eventually owercam his financial tribbles wi the help of Henry Huttleston Rogers. He chuise tae pay aw his pre-bankruptcy creditors in full, even efter he haed na legal responsibility tae dae sae.
Twain wis born shortly efter an appearance o Halley's Comet, an he predictit that he wad "gae oot wi it" as weel; he dee'd the day efter the comet returned. He wis laudit as the "greatest humorist this kintra has produced", an William Faulkner cried him "the faither o American leeteratur".
- Thomson, David, In Nevada: The Land, The People, God, and Chance, New York: Vintage Books, 2000. ISBN 0-679-77758-X p. 35
- Twain, Mark (1903). The jumping frog: in English, then in French, then clawed back into a civilized language once more by patient, unremunerated toil. New York: Harper & Brothers.
- "Obituary (The New York Times)". Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- Jelliffe, Robert A. (1956). Faulkner at Nagano. Tokyo: Kenkyusha, Ltd.