Mahatma Gandhi

ceannard poilitigeach agus cràbhach nan Innseachan

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી; Hindi: मोहनदास करमचंद गांधी, pronoonced [moːɦən̪d̪aːs kərəmtɕən̪d̪ ɡaːn̪d̪ʱiː] ( listen); 2 October 1869 – 30 Januar 1948) wis the pre-eminent poleetical an ideological leader o Indie durin the Indian independence movement. He pioneered satyagraha. This is defined as resistance tae tyranny throu mass civil disobedience, a philosophy firmly foondit upon ahimsa, or tot nonviolence. This concept helped Indie tae gain independence, an inspired movements for ceevil richts an freedom athort the warld. Gandhi is aften referred tae as Mahatma Gandhi ([məɦaːt̪maː]; Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā or "Great Soul", an honorific first applee'd tae him bi Rabindranath Tagore).[2] In Indie he is an aa cawed Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ, bāpu or "Father"). He is offeecially honoured in Indie as the Hoor o the Naition; his birthday, 2 October, is commemoratiy thare as Gandhi Jayanti, a naitional holiday, an warldwide as the Internautional Day o Non-Violence. Gandhi wis murdurred oan 30 Januar 1948 bi a Hindu wha thocht he wis tae sympathetic tae the Muslims. 30 Januar is celebratit as "Mairtyr's Day" in Indie. Gandhi wis murdered bi 3 bullet shots tae the chest.

Mahatma Gandhi
Portrait Gandhi.jpg
BornMohandas Karamchand Gandhi
2 October 1869(1869-10-02)
Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, Breetish Indie Empire[1]
Died30 Januar 1948(1948-01-30) (aged 78)
New Delhi, Indie
Cause o daith
Assassination bi shuitin
Restin place
Crematit at Rajghat, Delhi
Ither namesMahatma Gandhi, Bapu, Gandhiji
Alma materAlfred Heich Schuil, Rajkot,
Samaldas College, Bhavnagar,
University College, Lunnon (UCL)
Kent forLeadership o Indie independence muivement,
filosofie o Satyagraha, Ahimsa or nan-violence.
MuivementIndie Naitional Congress
ReleegionHinduism, wi Jain influences
Hauf-marrae(s)Kasturba Gandhi
ParentsPutlibai Gandhi (Mither)
Karamchand Gandhi (Faither)
SignaturGandhi signature.svg


  1. Gandhi, Rajmohan (2006) pp. 1–3.
  2. Bhattacharya, Sabyasachi (1997). "The Mahatma and the Poet". New Delhi: National Book Trust, India: 1. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)