The Breetish Raj (rāj, lit. "reign" in Sanskrit)[1] is the term eften uised for Breetish rule in the Indian subcontinent, usually but nae exclusively for the period atween 1858 an 1947.[2] The term can also refer tae the period o dominion.[2][3] The region unner Breetish control, commonly cried Indie in contemporary uisage, includit auries directly admeenistered bi the Unitit Kinrick[4] (contemporaneously Breetish India), as well as the princely states ruled bi individual rulers unner the paramuntcy o the Breetish Crown. The region wis less commonly also cried the Indian Empire.[5] As "Indie", it wis a foondin member o the League o Naitions, an a participatin naition in the Simmer Olympics in 1900, 1920, 1928, 1932, an 1936.

Indian Empire

Banner o Indie
Star o Indie o Indie
Star o Indie
The Breetish Indian Empire in 1936
The Breetish Indian Empire in 1936
StatusColony o the Unitit Kinrick
CaipitalCalcutta (1858–1912)
New Delhi (1912–1947)
Simla (Simmer)
Common leidsInglish, Hindustani an mony local leids
GovrenmentConstitutional Monarchy
Emperor/Empress (1876–1947) 
• 1858–1901
Victoria 1
• 1901–1910
Edward VII
• 1910–1936
George V
• 1936
Edward VIII
• 1936–1947
George VI
Viceroy 2 
• 1858–1862
Charles Canning (first)
• 1947
Louis Mountbatten (last)
LegislaturImperial Legislative Council
10 Mey 1857
2 August 1858
15 August 1947
15 August 1947
19384,903,312 km2 (1,893,179 sq mi)
19474,226,734 km2 (1,631,951 sq mi)
CurrencyBreetish Indian rupee
ISO 3166 codeIN
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Company rule in India
Mughal Empire
Dominion o Indie
Dominion o Pakistan
Breetish Burma
Hyderabad State
The day pairt o Indie
1: Reigned as Empress o Indie frae 1 Mey 1876, afore that as Queen o the Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Ireland.
2: Viceroy an Govrenor-General o Indie

References eedit

  1. Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, 1989: from Skr. rāj: to reign, rule; cognate with L. rēx, rēg-is, OIr. , rīg king (see RICH).
  2. a b Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd edition (June 2008), on-line edition (September 2011): "spec. In full British Raj. Direct rule in India by the British (1858–1947); this period o dominion."
  3. Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, 1989. Examples: 1955 Times 25 Aug 9/7 It was effective against the British raj in India, an the conclusion drawn here is that the British knew that they were wrong. 1969 R. MILLAR Kut xv. 288 Sir Stanley Maude had taken command in Mesopotamia, displacing the raj o antique Indian Army commanders. 1975 H. R. ISAACS in H. M. Patel et al. Say not the Struggle Nought Availeth 251 The post-independence régime in all its incarnations since the passing o the Breetish Raj.
  4. First the Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Ireland then, after 1927, the Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Ireland
  5. The names "Empire o India" an "Federation o India" were also in use.