L'Hospitalet de Llobregat

L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (Catalan pronunciation: [ɫuspitəˈɫɛd də ʎuβɾəˈɣat]), aften shortened tae L'Hospitalet (pronounced: [ɫuspitəˈɫɛt]), is a municipality tae the immediate soothwast o Barcelona in Catalonie, Spain.

L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Barcelona 2010 August 005 Hotel.JPG
Banner o L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Banner
Coat of airms o L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Coat airms
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat is locatit in Spain
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 41°21′32″N 2°5′57.9″E / 41.35889°N 2.099417°E / 41.35889; 2.099417Coordinates: 41°21′32″N 2°5′57.9″E / 41.35889°N 2.099417°E / 41.35889; 2.099417
Kintra Spain
Autonomous commonty Catalonie
ProvinceProvince o Barcelona
ComarcaBarcelonès
Judicial destrictHospitalet de Llobregat
Foondit12t hunderyear
Govrenment
 • AlcaldeNúria Marín (2008) (PSC)
Area
 • Total12.50 km2 (4.83 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total258,642
 • Density21,000/km2 (54,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Hospitalenc, hospitalenca (ca)
Hospitalense (es)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
08901
WebsiteOffeecial wabsteid

Bi population, it is the seicont mucklest in Catalonie an the 16t in Spain. Bi population density, is notable for bein ane o the maist densely populatit ceeties in Europe.

History an toponymyEedit

The first records o the dounset date tae the Neolithic era wi artefacts showin human habitation in the Llobregat river area. Roman artefacts hae been foond datin tae the 2nt century BC such as a funeral decoration representin the heid o Medusa nou in the airchaeological museum o Barcelona. Housomeivver it is no till the 10t hunderyear that written references tae Provençana (the ceety's oreeginal name) appear. The current name oreeginates frae the Catalan leid an derives frae a hostel next tae the Kirk 'Santa Eulàlia de Provençana' uised bi pilgrims in the Middle Ages. The ceety retained the character o a veelage till the 19t hunderyear when the first textile factories wur built causin a population boom. The 1960s an 1970s saw a seicont population boom, caused bi immigration frae poorer regions o Spain: housomeivver this wis not matched bi construction o the necessar amenities an it wis anerly in the 1990s that public investment resultit in addeetional schuils, leisur facilities an hoosin.

DemographicsEedit

1900 1930 1950 1970 1986 2006
4948 37,650 71,580 241,978 279,779 261,310

Ower 22% o the ceety's residential population wis born ootside o Spain, (mainly in Ecuador, the Dominican Republic an Morocco). Housomeivver the ceety haes a muckle nummer o permanent or nan-permanent residents frae ither kintras o the European Union. Its population in the 2006 census consistit o 78% born in Spain (52% in Catalonie) an breuk doun as follaes:

  • Spain 207,930
  • The Americas 35,628
  • Africae 7,935
  • Asia 5,375
  • Europe (nan-EU) 2,428
  • European Union 2,004
  • Oceanie 10

GeografieEedit

L'Hospitalet's surface is o area: 12.49 km². The area on which the ceety is constructed may be dividit in twa different geological areas. Ane o thaim follaes the coast teepology an is cried La Marina, similarly tae twa coast areas o neebourin Barcelona's Zona Franca: La Marina del Prat Vermell an La Marina de Port. The latter hauf o L'Hospitalet is cried El Samontà, which consists o hills an a mair elevatit area.

EconomyEedit

 
Spanair heid office in l'Hospitalet de Llobregat

The ceety's reputation is mucklely still that o a depressed suburb,[1] drawin on its proletarian oreegins an its reliance on Barcelona. Housomeivver, its economy haes impruivit recently, as can be seen frae the ceety's new skyline an relocation o companies tae the ceety's new financial centre. Urban regeneration an construction hae taken place durin the 2000s, as well as ongoin wirk on impruivin public transportation in the seicont municipality o the Barcelona metropolitan area. The former airline Spanair's heidquairters wur locatit in L'Hospitalet.[2][3] Umwhile major Celestino Corbacho haes campaigned tae impruive the ceety's infrastructurs frae his poseetion in the Meenistry o Wirk.

TransportEedit

Public transport in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat is operatit bi several companies, maist o which are pairt o the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns an sister ceetiesEedit

L'Hospitalet is twinned wi the follaein ceeties:

ReferencesEedit

  1. Lonely Planet Barcelona, p8, Damien Simonis
  2. http://www.urbanity.es/foro/viajes-ciudades-y-naturaleza-cat/7240-lhospitalet-de-llobregat-bcn.html
  3. "Contacts." Spanair. Retrieved on 29 December 2009.
  4. "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 26 December 2013.

Freemit airtinsEedit

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