Kurgan is the Turkic term for a tumulus; moond o yird an stanes raised ower a grave or graves, oreeginatin wi its uise in Soviet airchaeologie, nou widely uised for tumuli in the context of Eastren European an Central Asie airchaeologie.

Sarmatian Kurgan 4t century BC, Fillipovka, Sooth Urals, Roushie. Excavatit in a dig led bi Russian Academy of Sciences Archeology Institute Prof. L. Yablonsky in the simmer o 2006, this is the first kurgan kent tae be completely destroyed an then rebuilt tae its oreeginal appearance.

The wird is ultimately o Turkic oreegin, mair specifically frae Tatar accordin tae the Oxford English Dictionary, frae a wird meanin "fortress".[1][2]


  1. TDK Dictionary: Kurgan Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine; The word kurgan ‘funerary mound’, is, as well as Central Asia and Anatolia used in Russia and Ukraine, but throughout South-Eastern Europe (Ru. kurgán, ORu. kurganu, Ukr. kurhán, BRu. kurhan, Pol. kurhan, kurchan, kuran ‘mound’; Rumanian gurgan, dial. Hung. korhány), from Tatar, Tat., Osm., Kum. kurgan, Old Turkic kurgan "fortification", , Kirg. and Jagat. korgan, Karakirg. korgon, all from Turkotat. kurgamak "fortify", kurmak "erect".[citation needit]
  2. "kurgan." Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged. Merriam-Webster, 2002. http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com (14 October 2006).