Kim Jong-il

leader o North Korea (1994–2011)

Kim Jong-il (born Yuri Irsenovich Kim, written as Kim Jong Il an aw; born 16 Februar 1941 - 17 December 2011) wis the supreme leader o the Democratic Fowkrepublic o Korea (North Korea) frae 1994 tae 2011. He succeedit his faither an foonder o the DPRK Kim Il-sung follaein the elder Kim's daith in 1994. He wis the Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission, General Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea, an the Supreme Commander o the Korean Fowk's Airmy, the fowert lairgest standin airmy in the warld. In Aprile 2009, North Korea's constitution wis amendit an nou implicitly refers tae him as the "Supreme Leader".[5] He wis an aw referred tae as the "Dear Leader", "oor Faither", "the General" and "Generalissimo".[6] His son Kim Jong-un wis promotit tae a senior position in the rulin Wirker's Pairty an is his successor.[7]

Kim Jong-il
김정일
Kim Jong-il on August 24, 2011.jpg
Kim Jong-il on 24 August 2011
Eternal General Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea (Appellation)
Assumed office
11 Aprile 2012
Supreme Leader o North Korea
In office
8 Julie 1994 – 17 December 2011[1]
PremierHong Song-nam
Pak Pong-ju
Kim Yong-il
Choe Yong-rim
Precedit biKim Il-sung (as Preses)
Succeedit biKim Jong-un
General Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea
In office
8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
DeputeKim Yong-nam
Choe Yong-rim
Jo Myong-rok
Ri Yong-ho
Precedit biKim Il-sung
Succeedit biPosition abolished
(Proclaimed Eternal Party general secretary after his death)
Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission o North Korea
In office
9 Aprile 1993 – 17 December 2011
DeputeJo Myong-rok
Precedit biKim Il-sung
Succeedit biPosition abolished as Kim Jong-il wis declared as the Eternal chairman on 13 Aprile 2012
Supreme Commander o the Korean Fowk's Army
In office
24 December 1991 – 17 December 2011
Precedit biKim Il-sung
Succeedit biKim Jong-un[2]
Chairman o the Central Militar Commission o the Wirkers' Pairty
In office
8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
DeputeKim Jong-un
Ri Yong-ho
Precedit biKim Il-sung
Succeedit biKim Jong-un
First Vice Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission o North Korea
In office
24 Mey 1990 – 9 Aprile 1993
LeaderKim Il-sung
Precedit biPosition creatit
Succeedit biO Chin-u
Personal details
Born16 Februar 1941(1941-02-16)
Vyatskoye, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (Soviet records)
16 Februar 1942(1942-02-16)
Baekdu Mountain, Japanese Korea (North Korean biography)[a]
Dee'd17 December 2011(2011-12-17) (aged 70)
Pyongyang [3], Democratic Fowk's Republic o Korea
Restin placeKumsusan Palace o the Sun, Pyongyang, Democratic Fowk's Republic o Korea
Poleetical pairtyWirkers' Pairty o Korea
Spoose(s)Kim Young-sook (1974–2011)
Domestic partnerSong Hye-rim (1968–2002)
Ko Young-hee (1977–2004)
Kim Ok (2004–2011)
BairnsKim Sul-song
Kim Jong-nam
Kim Jong-chul
Kim Jong-un
Kim Yo-jong[4]
Alma materKim Il-sung University
Signatur
Militar service
Allegiance North Korea
Service/branchKorean Fowk's Army
Years o service1991–2011
RankGeneralissimo (대원수)
CommandsSupreme Commander
^ North Korean biographies, which claim his birth date as 16 February 1942, are generally nae considered tae be factually reliable. See below.

ReferencesEedit

  1. "North Korea backs son after Kim Jong-Il death". Agence France-Presse. Archived frae the original on 8 Januar 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  2. "North Korea: Kim Jong-un hailed 'supreme commander'". BBC News. 24 December 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
  3. https://www.google.com/search?q=Kim+jong+il+death+place&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS430US430&aq=f&oq=Kim+jong+il+death+place&aqs=chrome.0.57j0.10861j0&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8#hl=en&q=where+did+kim+jong+il+die
  4. Lee Young-jong; Kim Hee-jin (8 August 2012). "Kim Jong-un's sister is having a ball". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  5. McGivering, Jill (29 September 2009). "N Korea constitution bolsters Kim". BBC News. Retrieved 7 Mey 2010.
  6. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0456012/
  7. "NKorea prints photos of heir apparent Kim Jong Un". AP News. 30 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.