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Kim Jong-il

leader o North Korea (1994–2011)
This is a Korean name; the faimily name is Kim.

Kim Jong-il (born Yuri Irsenovich Kim, written as Kim Jong Il an aw; born 16 Februar 1941 - 17 December 2011) wis the supreme leader o the Democratic Fowkrepublic o Korea (North Korea) frae 1994 tae 2011. He succeedit his faither an foonder o the DPRK Kim Il-sung follaein the elder Kim's daith in 1994. He wis the Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission, General Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea, an the Supreme Commander o the Korean Fowk's Airmy, the fowert lairgest standin airmy in the warld. In Aprile 2009, North Korea's constitution wis amendit an nou implicitly refers tae him as the "Supreme Leader".[5] He wis an aw referred tae as the "Dear Leader", "oor Faither", "the General" and "Generalissimo".[6] His son Kim Jong-un wis promotit tae a senior position in the rulin Wirker's Pairty an is his successor.[7]

Kim Jong-il
김정일
Kim Jong-il on August 24, 2011.jpg
Kim Jong-il on 24 August 2011
Eternal General Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea (Appellation)
Assumed office
11 Aprile 2012
Supreme Leader o North Korea
In office
8 Julie 1994 – 17 December 2011[1]
Premier Hong Song-nam
Pak Pong-ju
Kim Yong-il
Choe Yong-rim
Precedit bi Kim Il-sung (as Preses)
Succeedit bi Kim Jong-un
General Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea
In office
8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
Depute Kim Yong-nam
Choe Yong-rim
Jo Myong-rok
Ri Yong-ho
Precedit bi Kim Il-sung
Succeedit bi Position abolished
(Proclaimed Eternal Party general secretary after his death)
Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission o North Korea
In office
9 Aprile 1993 – 17 December 2011
Depute Jo Myong-rok
Precedit bi Kim Il-sung
Succeedit bi Position abolished as Kim Jong-il wis declared as the Eternal chairman on 13 Aprile 2012
Supreme Commander o the Korean Fowk's Army
In office
24 December 1991 – 17 December 2011
Precedit bi Kim Il-sung
Succeedit bi Kim Jong-un[2]
Chairman o the Central Militar Commission o the Wirkers' Pairty
In office
8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
Depute Kim Jong-un
Ri Yong-ho
Precedit bi Kim Il-sung
Succeedit bi Kim Jong-un
First Vice Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission o North Korea
In office
24 Mey 1990 – 9 Aprile 1993
Leader Kim Il-sung
Precedit bi Position creatit
Succeedit bi O Chin-u
Personal details
Born 16 Februar 1941(1941-02-16)
Vyatskoye, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (Soviet records)
16 Februar 1942(1942-02-16)
Baekdu Mountain, Japanese Korea (North Korean biography)[a]
Dee'd 17 December 2011(2011-12-17) (aged 70)
Pyongyang [3], Democratic Fowk's Republic o Korea
Restin place Kumsusan Palace o the Sun, Pyongyang, Democratic Fowk's Republic o Korea
Poleetical pairty Wirkers' Pairty o Korea
Spoose(s) Kim Young-sook (1974–2011)
Domestic partner Song Hye-rim (1968–2002)
Ko Young-hee (1977–2004)
Kim Ok (2004–2011)
Bairns Kim Sul-song
Kim Jong-nam
Kim Jong-chul
Kim Jong-un
Kim Yo-jong[4]
Alma mater Kim Il-sung University
Signatur
Militar service
Allegiance  North Korea
Service/branch Korean Fowk's Army
Years o service 1991–2011
Rank Generalissimo (대원수)
Commands Supreme Commander
^ North Korean biographies, which claim his birth date as 16 February 1942, are generally nae considered tae be factually reliable. See below.

ReferencesEedit

  1. "North Korea backs son after Kim Jong-Il death". Agence France-Presse. Archived frae the oreeginal on 8 January 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  2. "North Korea: Kim Jong-un hailed 'supreme commander'". BBC News. 24 December 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011. 
  3. https://www.google.com/search?q=Kim+jong+il+death+place&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS430US430&aq=f&oq=Kim+jong+il+death+place&aqs=chrome.0.57j0.10861j0&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8#hl=en&q=where+did+kim+jong+il+die
  4. Lee Young-jong; Kim Hee-jin (8 August 2012). "Kim Jong-un's sister is having a ball". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  5. McGivering, Jill (29 September 2009). "N Korea constitution bolsters Kim". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  6. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0456012/
  7. "NKorea prints photos of heir apparent Kim Jong Un". AP News. 30 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.