Kashmiri (/kæʃˈmɪəri/)[5] (कॉशुर, کٲشُر), or Koshur, is a leid frae the Dardic subgroup[6] o the Indo-Aryan leids an it is spoken primarily in the Kashmir Valley, in Jammu an Kashmir.[7][8][9]

कॉशुर Koshur كٲشُر
Native taeJammu and Kashmir (Indie)[1]Azad Jammu an Kashmir (Pakistan)[1]
RegionNorthwastren region o the Indian subcontinent
Native speakers
6.7 million (2011 census)[2]
  • Kashtawari (staundart)
  • Poguli
  • Rambani
Perso-Arabic script (contemporary),[3]
Devanagari script (contemporary),[3]
Sharada script (ancient/liturgical)[3]
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
Leid codes
ISO 639-1ks
ISO 639-2kas
ISO 639-3kas
This article contains IPA phonetic seembols. Withoot proper renderin support, ye mey see quaisten merks, boxes, or ither seembols insteid o Unicode chairacters. For an introductory guide on IPA seembols, see Help:IPA.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Kashmiri: A language of India". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2007-06-02. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Ethnologue" defined multiple times wi different content
  2. Kashmiri at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Sociolinguistics. Mouton de Gruyter. Retrieved 2009-08-30.
  4. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kashmiri". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  5. Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh
  6. "Kashmiri language". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
  7. "Koshur: An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri". Kashmir News Network: Language Section (koshur.org). Retrieved 2007-06-02.
  8. "Kashmiri Literature". Kashmir Sabha, Kolkata. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
  9. S. S. Toshkhani. "Kashmiri Language: Roots, Evolution and Affinity". Kashmiri Overseas Association, Inc. (KOA). Retrieved 2007-06-02.