Hildegard von Bingen
Blessed Hildegard o Bingen (German:Hildegard von Bingen; Latin:Hildegardis Bingensis) (1098 – 17 September 1179), also kentn as Saunt Hildegard, an Sibyl o the Rhine, wis a Christian mystic, German Benedictine abbess, visionary, an polymath. Electit a magistra by her fellow nuns in 1136, she foondit the monasteries o Rupertsberg in 1150 an Eibingen in 1165. Ane o her works as a composer, the Ordo Virtutum, is an early example o liturgical drama.
- Bennett, Judith M. and Hollister, Warren C. Medieval Europe: A Short History (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001), 317.
- Some writers hae speculatit a distant origin for opera in this piece, though wi'oot any evidence. See: ; alt Opera, see Florentine Camerata in the province of Milan, Italy.  and 
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