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Hainan (Cheenese: 海南; pinyin: Aboot this soondHǎinán ; Jyutping: Hoi² Naam4; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hái-lâm; leeterally: "South of the Sea [Qiongzhou Strait]") is the smawest province o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (PRC). The name "Hainan" refers tae Hainan Island (海南岛, Hǎinán Dǎo) an aw, the main island o the province. Hainan is locatit in the Sooth Cheenae Sea, separatit frae Guangdong's Leizhou Peninsulae tae the north bi the shallae an narrae Qiongzhou Strait.

Hainan Province

海南省
Name transcription(s)
 • Cheenese海南省 (Hǎinán Shěng)
 • Abbreviationsimplifeed Cheenese: ; traditeeonal Cheenese: (pinyin: Qióng, POJ: khêng, Jyutping: king4)
 •  Min Nan POJ: Hái-lâm-séng
Cantonese Jyutping: Hoi² Naam1 Saang²
Map shawin the location o Hainan Province
Map shawin the location o Hainan Province
Named for海 hǎi – sea
南 nán – south
"South of the Sea [Qiongzhou Strait]"
Caipital
(an lairgest ceety)
Haikou
Divisions2 prefecturs, 20 coonties, 218 tounships
Govrenment
 • SecretarWei Liucheng
 • GovrenorJiang Dingzhi (蒋定之)
Area
 • Total33,920 km2 (13,100 sq mi)
Aurie rank28t
Population
 (2010)
 • Tot8,671,518
 • Rank28t
 • Density260/km2 (660/sq mi)
 • Density rank17t
Demographics
 • Ethnic composeetionHan – 82.6%
Li – 15.84%
Miao – 0.82%
Zhuang – 0.67%
 • Leids an dialectsHainanese, Yue, Hlai
ISO 3166 codeCN-46
GDP (2011)CNY 251.5 billion
US$ 39.9 billion (28t)
 • per capitaCNY 23,831
US$ 3,520 (23rd)
HDI (2008)0.784 (medium) (17t)
Wabsteidhttp://www.hi.gov.cn
(Simplifeed Cheenese)
Hainan
Native name: 海南岛
Geografie
LocationEast Asie
Aurie33,210 km2 (12,820 sq mi)
Aurie rank42nt
Heichest elevation1,840 m (6,040 ft)
Heichest pointWuzhi Muntain
Admeenistration
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
ProvinceHainan
Lairgest settlementHaikou (pop. 2,046,189)
Demografics
Populationapprox. 8,180,000
Ethnic groupsHan, Li, Miao, Zhuang

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Includes all territorial claims

Further readinEedit

  • D'Arcy Brown, Liam (2003). Green Dragon, Sombre Warrior: travels to China's extremes. London: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-6038-1

Freemit airtinsEedit