Hafar Al-Batin (ar:حفر الباطن) is a Saudi Arabie ceety in the Eastren Province an locatit in the Northeastren region. It is locatit 480 km the north o Riyadh, 90 km frae Kuwait border an about 70 frae the Iraq border. The ceety lees in the dry valley o the Wadi al-Batin, pairt o the lairger valley o the lang, nou-dry river Wadi Al-Rummah, which leads inland toward Medina an umwhile emptiet intae the Persian Gulf.

Hafar Al-Batin
Eik-name(s): 
The Caipital o the Spring
Hafar Al-Batin is locatit in Saudi Arabia
Hafar Al-Batin
Hafar Al-Batin
Coordinates: 28°26′3″N 45°57′49″E / 28.43417°N 45.96361°E / 28.43417; 45.96361
Kintra Saudi Arabie
ProvinceEastren Province
Established17 AH - 638 CE
Joint Saudi Arabie1925
Govrenment
 • Manager o MunicipalityMuhammad Hmoud AlShaie’a[1]
 • Ceety GovrenorAbdulmuhsen Al-Otaishan
 • Deputy GovrenorMusliet Abdulaziz AlZugaibi
 • Provincial GovrenorMuhammad bin Fahd
Population
 (2010)
 • Ceety389,993
 • Urban
271,642
 • Metro
49,457
 Hafar Al-Batin Municipality estimate
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (AST)
Postal Code
31991
Aurie code(s)+966-3-7

HistoryEedit

In the 1st century efter hijrah in 638 CE, Hafar Al-Batin wis juist a route in the desert that pilgrims passed through frae Mecca for Hajj. At that time, there wis nae watter available in this land, the pilgrims travelled frae Iraq tae Mecca on a lang route athoot water. Durin Uthman ibn Affan's reign (644 CE - 656 CE), complaints o pilgrims reached Abu-Musa al-Asha'ari, a companion o the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who answered bi diggin for new wells alang this route in the Al-Batin valley. The name o Hafar Al-Batin (Arabic: حفر الباطن‎) is derived frae this which means "the hole o Al-Batin Valley". Durin the 1991 Gulf War Hafar Al-Batin wis targetit bi a barrage o Iraqi Al Hussein missiles on Februar 14, 1991. At least twa missiles hit the toun. An automobile wirkshop, twa hooses an five caurs wur destroyed. Fower ceevilians wur injured.[1]

PopulationEedit

In 2010, Hafar Al-Batin, haed mair than 35 veelages in its suburban aurie an the population reached 389,993.

CommunicationsEedit

Aw the dountoun an roads o Hafar Al-Batin are paved. It is connectit wi an international netwirk o roads, connectin Saudi Arabie wi Kuwait in the East an connectin the North wi the Eastren Province. Hafar Al-Batin haes twa airports, Qaisumah (IATA: AQIICAO: OEPA) airport aboot 10 km in the east, an Keeng Khalid Military Ceety Airport (IATA: HBTICAO: OEKK) aboot 60 km in the sooth.

DestrictsEedit

  • Abu-Musa al-Asha'ari
  • Al-Aziziah A
  • Al-Aziziah B
  • Al-Khalediyah
  • Al-Rabwah
  • Al-Muhammadiyah
  • Al-Baladiyah
  • Al-Rawdhah
  • Al-Nayefiyah
  • Al-Sulaimaniyah
  • Al-Faisaliyah

ClimateEedit

The weather in Hafar Al-Batin ranges frae (-3 C tae 5 C) in winter nichts tae (40 C to 49 C) durin simmer days. The climate in general is hot an dry, an rains anerlie durin winter months.

GalleriesEedit

NotesEedit

ReferencesEedit

Freemit airtinsEedit

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