George I o Great Breetain

George I (George Louis; German: Georg Ludwig; 28 Mey 1660 – 11 Juin 1727[1]) wis Keeng o Great Breetain an Ireland frae 1 August 1714 till his daith, an ruler o the Duchy an Electorate o Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire frae 1698.

George I
King George I by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (3).jpg
George I, c. 1714. Studio of Sir Godfrey Kneller.
Keeng o Great Breetain an Ireland (more...)
Ring1 August 1714 – 11 Juin 1727[1]
Coronation20 October 1714
PredecessorAnne
SuccessorGeorge II
Prime MeenisterRobert Walpole
Elector o Hanover
Ring23 Januar 1698 – 11 Juin 1727[1]
PredecessorErnest Augustus
SuccessorGeorge II
Born28 Mey 1660(1660-05-28)
7 Juin 1660 (N.S.)
Hanover, Holy Roman Empire
Dee'd11 Juin 1727(1727-06-11) (aged 67)
22 Juin 1727 (N.S.)
Schloss Osnabrück, Osnabrück
Buirial4 August 1727
Leineschloss, Hanover; later Herrenhausen, Hanover
SpouseSophia Dorothea o Celle
IssueGeorge II
Sophia Dorothea
Full name
George Louis (German: Georg Ludwig)
HooseHoose o Hanover
FaitherErnest Augustus, Elector o Hanover
MitherSophia o the Palatinate
ReleegionLutheran[2]
SeegnaturGeorge I's signature

George wis born in Hanover an inheritit the teetles an launds o the Duchy o Brunswick-Lüneburg frae his faither an uncles. A succession o European wars expandit his German domains in his lifetime, an in 1708 he wis ratified as prince-elector o Hanover. At the age o 54, efter the daith o his seicont cuisin Queen Anne o Great Breetain, George ascendit the Breetish throne as the first monarch o the Hoose o Hanover. Awtho ower 50 Roman Catholics war closer tae Anne bi primogenitur, the Act of Settlement 1701 prohibitit Catholics frae inheritin the Breetish throne; George wis Anne's closest leevin Protestant relative. In reaction, Jacobites attemptit tae depose George an replace him wi Anne's Catholic hauf-brither, James Francis Edward Stuart, but thair attempts failed.

In George's ring, the pouers o the monarchy diminished an Breetain begoud a transeetion tae the modren seestem o cabinet govrenment led bi a prime meenister. Taewart the end o his ring, actual poleetical pouer wis held bi Robert Walpole, nou recognised as Breetain's first de facto prime meenister. George dee'd of a stroke on a trip tae his native Hanover, whaur he wis buiried.

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Throughoot George's life, Great Breetain uised the Auld Style Julian calendar. Hanover adoptit the New Style Gregorian calendar on 1 Mairch 1700 (N.S.) / 19 Februar 1700 (O.S.). Auld Style is uised for dates in this airticle unless itherwise indicatit; however, years are assumed tae stairt frae 1 Januar an nae 25 Mairch, which wis the Inglis New Year.
  2. Lathbury, Thomas (1858). A History of the Book of Common Prayer and Other Books of Authority. Oxford: John Henry and James Parker. p. 430. George I. remained a Lutheran as long as he lived, and had his German chaplain; but he conformed on some occasions with the Church of England. George II. was in the same position. Though Lutherans, they exercised acts of supremacy in the Church of England; and the common opinion was, that there was no opposition between the views of the two Churches