Fungus

(Reguidit frae Fungi)

A fungus (/'fʌŋɡəs/; plural: fungi[3] or funguses; aften cried puddockstuil, inspeciallie whan thare is a shank) is a memmer o a muckle group o eukaryotic organisms thit is incluidin o microorganisms sic as baurms an moulds, as weel as the mair familiar mushruims. Thir organisms is clessifee'd as a kinrick, Fungi, whilk is apairt frae plants, animals, protists an bacteria. A muckle differ is thit fungal cells haes cell waas thit hauds chitin, wanalike the cell waas o plants an some protists, whilk hauds cellulose, an unalike bacteriae cell waas. Thir differs, an ithers, shaws thit the fungi furms a unifee'd group o sib organisms, cried the Eumycota (true fungi or Eumycetes), thit skare a common auncestor (is a monophyletic group). This fungal group is distinct frae the structurally seemilar myxomycetes (slime moulds) an oomycetes (watter moulds). The discipline o biology devotit tae the studie o fungi is kent as mycology (frae the Greek μύκης, mukēs, meanin "fungus"). Mycology haes aften been regairdit as a brainch o botany, even tho it is its ain kinrick in biological taxonomy. Genetic studies haes shawn thit fungi is sibber tae ainimals nor tae plants.

Fungi
Temporal range: Early DevonianPresent 410–0 Ma
Fungi collage.jpg
Clockwise frae tap left:
Scientific classification e
(unranked): Opisthokonta
(unranked): Holomycota
(unranked): Zoosporia
Kinrick: Fungi
(L.) R.T.Moore[1]
Subkingdoms/Phyla/Subphyla[2]
Blastocladiomycota
Chytridiomycota
Glomeromycota
Microsporidia
Neocallimastigomycota

Dikarya (inc. Deuteromycota)

Ascomycota
Pezizomycotina
Saccharomycotina
Taphrinomycotina
Basidiomycota
Agaricomycotina
Pucciniomycotina
Ustilaginomycotina

Subphyla incertae sedis

Entomophthoromycotina
Kickxellomycotina
Mucoromycotina
Zoopagomycotina

ReferencesEedit

  1. Moore RT (1980). "Taxonomic proposals for the classification of marine yeasts and other yeast-like fungi including the smuts". Botanica Marina. 23: 361–373.
  2. The clessification seestem presentit here is based on the 2007 phylogenetic study bi Hibbett et al.
  3. /ˈfʌŋɡai/