The Flemish Region (Dutch: Vlaams Gewest (help·info)) is ane o the three offeecial regions o the Kinrick o Belgium—alangside the Wallonie an the Brussels-Caipital Region. Colloquially, it is uisually simply referred tae as Flanders, o which it is the institutional incarnation athin the context o the Belgian poleetical seestem. It occupees the northren pairt o Belgium an haes a surface aurie o 13,522 km² (44.29% o Belgium). It is ane o the maist densely populatit regions o Europe wi aroond 455 indwallers per square kilometer.
|Anthem: De Vlaamse Leeuw|
|Seat o the Parliament||Brussels (but is no a pairt o the Flemish Region)|
|• Meenister-Preses||Kris Peeters|
|• Total||13522 km2 (5,221 sq mi)|
(1 January 2017)
|• Density||480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||BE-VLG|
|Celebration Day||11 Julie|
Immediately efter its establishment, the region transferred aw its constitutional competencies tae the Flemish Community. The current Flemish authorities (Flemish Parliament, Flemish Govrenment) therefore represent aw the Flemish fowk, includin those livin in the Brussels-Caipital Region. Hence, the Flemish Region is govrened bi the Flemish Community institutions. Housomeivver, members o the Flemish Community parliament who wur electit in Brussels-Caipital Region, hae nae richt tae vote on Flemish regional affairs.
The Flemish Region comprises 5 provinces, each consistin o admeenistrative arrondissements which in turn contain municipalities (in tot 308 municipalities in Flanders).
The Ceety o Brussels, the seat o the Flemish parliament, is locatit athin the Brussels-Caipital Region, which is surroondit bi the province o Flemish Brabant. Brussels conteens baith the Flemish Community an the French Community, baith haein thair institutions in Brussels.
|Province||Caipital ceety||Admeenistrative arrondissements||Population||Aurie||Population density|
|1||Antwerp (Antwerpen)||Antwerp (Antwerpen)||Antwerpen, Mechelen, Turnhout||1,744,862||2,867 km²||587 / km²|
|2||Limburg (Limburg)||Hasselt||Hasselt, Maaseik, Tongeren||838,505||2,414 km²||333 / km²|
|3||East Flanders (Oost-Vlaanderen)||Ghent (Gent)||Aalst, Dendermonde, Eeklo, Gent, Oudenaarde, Sint-Niklaas||1,432,326||2,991 km²||459 / km²|
|4||Flemish Brabant (Vlaams-Brabant)||Leuven||Halle-Vilvoorde, Leuven||1,076,924||2,106 km²||493 / km²|
|5||Wast Flanders (West-Vlaanderen)||Bruges (Brugge)||Brugge, Diksmuide, Ieper, Kortrijk, Oostende, Roeselare, Tielt, Veurne||1,159,366||3,125 km²||362 / km²|
Flanders is hame tae a diversifeed, relatively modren economy, wi emphasis put on research an development. Mony enterprises wirk closely wi local knowledge an research centres tae develop new products an services.
"De Lijn" serves as the main public transport company, run bi the Flemish govrenment. It consists o buses an trams. TEC is the equivalent company in Wallonie, an MIVB-STIB in Brussels. The railwey netwirk run bi the NMBS, housomeivver, is still a federal responsibility.
The govrenment is an aw responsible for aboot 500 kilometers o regional roads (Dutch: gewestwegen) an aboot 900 kilometers o heich-gates in the territory o the Flemish Region. Ither types o roads are provincial roads an municipal roads.
Lairgest ceeties in the region include (wi population figurs in 2010):
- Antwerp (483,505)
- Ghent (243,366)
- Bruges (116,741)
- Leuven (95,463)
- Mechelen (80,940)
- Aalst (80,043)
- Kortrijk (74,911)
- Hasselt (73,067)
- Sint-Niklaas (71,806)
- Ostend (69,064)
- Genk (64,757)
- Roeselare (57,432)
The Flemish Diamond (Dutch: Vlaamse Ruit) is the name o the central, populous aurie in Flanders an consists o several o thir ceeties, sic as Antwerp, Ghent, Leuven an Mechelen. Approximately 5,500,000 fowk live in the aurie.
The offeecial leid is Dutch, whiles colloquially referred tae as Flemish. The main dialect groups include Wast Flemish, East Flemish, Brabantian an Limburgish.
French mey be uised for certaint admeenistrative purposes in a leemitit nummer o the sae-cried "municipalities wi leid facilities" aroond the Brussels-Caipital Region an on the mairch wi Wallonie.
"Rim municipalities" (aroond Brussels) are Drogenbos, Kraainem, Linkebeek, Sint-Genesius-Rode (French: Rhode-Saint-Genèse), Wemmel an Wezembeek-Oppem. Brussels wis oreeginally a Dutch-speakin ceety, but haes been frenchifeed in the 19t an 20t century an is nou lairgely French-speakin. A few municipalities in the Flemish agglomeration o Brussels are nou an aw frenchifeed.
Municipalities wi leid facilities on the mairch wi Wallonie are Bever (French: Biévène), Herstappe, Mesen (French: Messines), Ronse (French: Renaix), Spiere-Helkijn (French: Espierres-Helchin), Voeren (French: Fourons)
Education in Belgium is regulatit bi the communities. In Flanders this is done bi the Flemish Community an in Brussels bi baith the Flemish an French Community.
See an awEedit
- ↑ Population per municipality as of 1 January 2017 (XLS; 397 KB)
- ↑ "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 21 Januar 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- ↑ "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 4 December 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- (in Inglis) Flemish authorities (Dutch: Vlaamse overheid).
- (in Inglis) Flanders online Archived 2007-04-07 at the Wayback Machine (an aw in French, German an Dutch).
- Toerisme Vlaanderen
- (in French) French Flanders Archived 2007-02-19 at the Wayback Machine
- (in Dutch) Frans-Vlaanderen
- (in Dutch) The Flemish region reaches 6 million inhabitants Archived 2007-02-19 at the Wayback Machine
Template:Flanders topics Template:Subdiveesions o Belgium