The Finnic (Fennic) or Baltic Finnic (Balto-Finnic, Balto-Fennic) leids[nb 1] are a branch o the Uralic leid faimily spoken aroond the Baltic Sea bi aboot 7 million fowk.

Baltic Finnic
EthnicityBaltic Finns
Northern Fennoscandia, Baltic states, Northwastren Roushie
Lingueestic clessificationUralic
  • Finnic


  1. Ootside Finland, the term Finnic leids haes tradeetionally been uised as a synonym o the extensive group o Finno-Permic leids, includin the Baltic Finnic, Volga Finnic, Permic an Saami leids.[2][3] At the same time, Finnish scholars hae restrictit it tae the Baltic Finnic leids;[4] the survey volume The Uralic Languages uises the Laitinate spellin Fennic tae distinguish this Baltic Finnic (Balto-Fennic) uise frae the broader Wastren sense o the wird.[5] In 2009, the 16t edeetion o Ethnologue: Languages of the World abandoned the Finno-Permic clade awthegither an adoptit the nomenclatur o Finnish scholars.[6]


  1. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Finnic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  2. "The languages of Europe". Encyclopedia of European peoples, Volume 1. Infobase Publishing. 2006. p. 888.
  3. Ruhlen, Merritt (1991). "Uralic-Yukaghir". A Guide to the World's Languages: Classification. Stanford University Press. p. 69. ISBN 0-8047-1894-6.
  4. The Finnic languages by Johanna Laakso in The Circum-Baltic languages: typology and contact, p. 180
  5. Daniel Abondolo, ed. (1998). The Uralic Languages. Routledge Language Family Descriptions. Taylor & Francis.
  6. "Language Family Trees, Uralic, Finnic". Ethnologue. Retrieved 28 May 2011.