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For ither uises, see Charlemagne (disambiguation).

Charlemagne (/ˈʃɑːrlmn/; 2 Apryle 742/747/748[1] – 28 Januar 814), kent as Charles the Great (German: Karl der Große;[2] [Carolus or Karolus Magnus] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) or Charles I, wis the Keeng o the Franks frae 768, the Keeng o Italy frae 774, an frae 800 the first emperor in wastren Europe syne the collapse o the Wastren Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expandit Frankish state he foondit is cried the Carolingian Empire.

Charles the Great
Charlemagne denier Mayence 812 814.jpg
A coin o Charlemagne wi the inscription KAROLVS IMP AVG (Karolus Imperator Augustus)
Emperor an Augustus
Ring 25 Dizember 800 – 28 Januar 814
Coronation 25 Dizember 800
Auld St. Peter's Basilica, Roum
Predecessor Position Established
Successor Louis I
Keeng o the Lombards
Ring 10 Julie 774 – 28 Januar 814
Coronation 10 Julie 774
Predecessor Desiderius
Successor Louis I
Keeng o the Franks
Reing 9 October 768 – 28 Januar 814
Coronation 9 October 768
Predecessor Pepin the Short
Successor Louis I
Born 2 Apryle 742/747/748[1]
Liège, Frankish Kinrick
Dee'd 28 Januar 814(814-01-28) (aged 71)
Aachen, Holy Roman Empire
Buirial Aachen Cathedral
Amang ithers
Hoose Carolingian
Faither Pepin the Short
Mither Bertrada o Laon
Releegion Roman Catholicism

The auldest son o Pepin the Short an Bertrada o Laon, Charlemagne became keeng in 768 follaein the daith o his faither. He wis initially co-ruler wi his brither Carloman I. Carloman's sudden daith in 771 unner unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne as the undisputit ruler o the Frankish Kinrick. Charlemagne continued his faither's policy towards the papacy an became its protector, remuivin the Lombards frae pouer in northren Italy, an leadin a incursion intae Muslim Spain. He campaigned against the fowks tae his east an aw, Christianisin thaim upon penalty o daith, at times leadin tae events such as the Massacre o Verden. Charlemagne reached the hicht o his pouer in 800 when he wis crouned as "Emperor" bi Pape Leo III on Christenmas Day at Auld St. Peter's Basilica.

Cried the "Faither o Europe" (pater Europae),[3] Charlemagne's empire unitit maist o Wastren Europe for the first time syne the Roman Empire. His rule spurred the Carolingian Renaissance, a period o cultural an intellectual activity athin the Catholic Kirk. Baith the French and German monarchies considered their kinricks tae be stryndants o Charlemagne's empire.

Charlemagne dee'd in 814 efter haein ruled as Emperor for juist ower thirteen years. He wis laid tae rest in his imperial caipital o Aachen in the day's Germany. His son Louis the Pious succeedit him as Emperor.



  1. 1.0 1.1 Karl Ferdinand Werner: Das Geburtsdatum Karls des Großen, in: Francia 1, 1973, pp. 115–157 (online);
    Matthias Becher: Neue Überlegungen zum Geburtsdatum Karls des Großen, in: Francia 19/1, 1992, pp. 37-60 (online);
    R. McKitterick: Charlemagne. Cambridge 2008, p. 72.
  2. Charlemagne, Encyclopedia Brittanica
  3. Papst Johannes Paul II (2004). "Ansprache von seiner Heiligkeit Papst Johannes Paul II" (in German). Internationaler Karlspreis zu Aachen.