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Chalcis (Auncient Greek & Katharevousa: Χαλκίς, Chalkís) or Chalkida (Modren Greek: Χαλκίδα, [xalˈciða]) is the chief toun o the island o Euboea in Greece, situatit on the Euripus Strait at its narraest pynt. The name is preserved frae antiquity an is derived frae the Greek χαλκός (copper, bronze), tho thare is na trace o ony mines in the aurie.[3] In the late Middle Ages, it wis kent as Negropont, a name that wis applee'd tae the entire island o Euboea as well.

Chalcis

Χαλκίς
Chalcis' seafront
Chalcis' seafront
Chalcis is locatit in Greece
Chalcis
Chalcis
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Chalkideon.png
Coordinates: 38°28′N 23°36′E / 38.467°N 23.600°E / 38.467; 23.600Coordinates: 38°28′N 23°36′E / 38.467°N 23.600°E / 38.467; 23.600
KintraGreece
Admeenistrative regionCentral Greece
Regional unitEuboea
Area
 • Municipality424.77 km2 (164.00 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit30.80 km2 (11.89 sq mi)
Highest elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Lawest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality
102,223
 • Municipality density240/km2 (620/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
59,125
 • Municipal unit density1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Chalcidian[2]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
341 00
Aurie code(s)22210
Vehicle registrationΧΑ
Wabsteidwww.dimos-xalkideon.gr

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "Chalcidian, n. & adj.3". Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1933.
  3. Simon C. Bakhuizen, R. Kreulen, Chalcis-in-Euboea: Iron and Chalcidians Abroad, Brill Archive, 1976, p. 58.