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Cape Trafalgar

Cape Trafalgar (Spaingie: Cabo Trafalgar [ˈkaβo tɾafalˈɣaɾ], Arabic: رأس طرف الغرب‎) is a heidland in the Province o Cádiz in the sooth-wast o Spain. The 1805 naval Battle o Trafalgar, in which the Ryal Navy destroyed Napoleon's combined Spainyie an French fleet, teuk place aff the cape.

It lees on the shore o the Atlantic Ocean, northwast o the Strait o Gibraltar at 36°10'58"N, 6°2'2"W. The Internaitional Hydrographic Organization defines the Wastren limit o the strait as a line that jyns Cape Trafalgar tae the north tae Cape Spartel tae the sooth.

The maist prominent structur on the cape is a 34-metre-heich lichthoose (51 metres abuin sea level), the faro de Cabo Trafalgar, built in 1860.

EtymologyEedit

The name is o Arabic oreegin, correspondin possibly tae Taraf al-Gharb (طرف الغرب 'cape o the wast')[1][2] or Taraf al-Ghar (طرف الغار 'cape o the cave/laurel').[3][4][2]

In baith cases, taraf (طرف) leeterally means 'edge' or 'extremity'[5] an hence refers tae a promontory (edge o the laund).

In modren Arabic, housomeivver, the place is sometimes re-transcribit as al-Taraf al-Aghar (الطرف الأغر).[6]

ReferencesEedit