Běihǎi (Chinese Postal Cairt Romanisation: Pakhoi; Cheenese: 北海) is a prefecture-level city in the south of Guangxi, People's Republic of China. The name of the city means "north of the sea" in Chinese, signifying its status as a seaport on the north shore of the Gulf of Tonkin, which has granted it historical importance as a port of international trade for Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan.[1] Atween the years 2006 and 2020, Beihai is predicted to be the world's fastest growing city.[2] Beihai has a muckle shipyard, but most of the money generated in the city is derived from trade.

Beihai

北海
Baekhaij

Pakhoi
北海市
Beihai Silver Beach
Beihai Silver Beach
Location of Beihai in Guangxi
Location of Beihai in Guangxi
Coordinates: 21°28′N 109°06′E / 21.467°N 109.100°E / 21.467; 109.100
KintraPeople's Republic of China
RegionGuangxi
Area
 • Prefecture-level city3337 km2 (1,288 sq mi)
Elevation
21 m (69 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city1,539,300
 • Density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
572,000
 • Metro
405,600
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
536000
Area code(s)(+86) 779
Vehicle registration桂E
Websitehttp://www.beihai.gov.cn/
Beihai
Cheenese北海
PostalPakhoi
Leeteral meaninnorth of the sea

In addition, it governs the small islands of Weizhou and Xieyang, and is directly north of Hainan Island.

SubdivisionsEedit

Beihai contains three districts and one county, which are subdivided into five urban sub-districts, 23 towns, 3 townships, 87 neighborhood committees, 343 village committees. (see also Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China#Levels)

HistoryEedit

After the 1876 Sino-British Treaty of Yantai, echt Western nations (the UK, US, Germany, Austria-Hungary, France, Italy, Portugal, and Belgium) set up embassies, hospitals, churches, schools, and maritime customs. Today, 15 of these western buildings remain in Beihai. It officially became an international tourist spot (旅遊對外開放城市) in 1982.

Ceety timelineEedit

  • December 4, 1949: Beihai became a town of Hepu County under the Communist Party of China .
  • January 1951: a province-administered city of Guangdong
  • May 1951: entrusted to Guangxi
  • March 1952: officially administered by Guangxi
  • May 1955: Administered by Guangdong again
  • 1956: reduced to a county-level city
  • 1958: reduced to Beihai People's Commune of Hepu County
  • 1959: county-class town
  • 1964: restored to county-class city
  • June 1965: Administered by Guangxi again
  • October 1983: restored to prefecture-level city

LanguagesEedit

Vernacular languages of Beihai include several Cantonese dialects and Hakka. Mandarin is increasing in prevalence as a result of the Chinese government's general promotion of Mandarin.

TransportationEedit

Air TransportationEedit

Beihai is served by Beihai Fucheng Airport (BHY). It serves domestic destinations and also Hong Kong.

ClimateEedit

Beihai has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with mild to warm winters and long, but not especially hot, summers, and very humid conditions year-round. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 14.5 °C (58.1 °F) in January to 28.8 °C (83.8 °F) in July, while extremes have ranged from 2.0 tae 37.1 °C (36 tae 99 °F). Rain is both the heaviest and most frequent from June to September, when 70% o the annual rainfall also occurs. This is in contrast tae the autumn and winter months, where only 20 tae 40 millimetre (0.79 tae 1.57 in) of rain falls per month. The area receives about 2,000 hours of sunshine annually.[1]

Climate data for Beihai (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.2
(66.6)
22.4
(72.3)
26.9
(80.4)
30.3
(86.5)
31.5
(88.7)
31.9
(89.4)
31.6
(88.9)
31.1
(88.0)
28.7
(83.7)
26.0
(78.8)
21.2
(70.2)
26.6
(79.9)
Average law °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
12.9
(55.2)
16.2
(61.2)
20.7
(69.3)
24.0
(75.2)
25.9
(78.6)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
24.5
(76.1)
21.4
(70.5)
17.2
(63.0)
13.5
(56.3)
20.0
(68.0)
Average rainfaw mm (inches) 34.1
(1.34)
41.8
(1.65)
58.5
(2.30)
92.8
(3.65)
156.7
(6.17)
296.6
(11.68)
378.6
(14.91)
393.9
(15.51)
196.9
(7.75)
95.4
(3.76)
38.3
(1.51)
20.4
(0.80)
1,804
(71.02)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.5 11.6 12.3 11.4 11.7 14.0 14.9 18.2 13.3 8.5 5.3 5.3 135.0
Source: China Weather [1]

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "北海城市介绍" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather.com.cn. Retrieved 25 Februar 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. City Mayors: World's fastest growing urban areas

Freemit airtinsEedit

  Travel guide tae Beihai frae Wikivoyage