Banner o Tunisie

The naitional banner o Tunisie (Arabic: علم تونس‎) is predominantly reid an consists o a white circle in the middle containin a reid crescent aroond a five-pointit star. The Bey o Tunis Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud decidit tae creaut the banner efter the Battle o Navarino on 20 October 1827, an it wis adoptit in 1831 or 1835. It remained the kintra's offeecial banner durin its time as a French protectorate, an wis confirmed as the naitional banner o the Republic o Tunisie wi the signin o the Constitution o Tunisie on 1 Juin 1959. It wis no till 30 Juin 1999 that its proportions an design wur clearly specified in law.

Staundart o the Preses o Tunisie

The crescent an star recaws the Ottoman banner an is therefore an indication o Tunisie's history as a pairt o the Ottoman Empire.

Seembolism eedit

For the Tunisian embassy in Fraunce, the colour reid represents the bluid o martyrs killed durin the Turkish conquest o Tunisie in 1574.[1][2]. Housomeivver, it is a weel kent historical fact[3] that the Tunisan invitit the Turkish tae libirate them frae the Spainyie invaders an frae wha is left o the Hafside dynasity. Therefore, the interpretation o the Tunisian embassy is far frae reality. Anither interpretation is that the "red Beylical banner spread licht throughoot the Muslim warld".[4] The white seembolizes peace, while the crescent an five-pointit star represent unity o aw Muslims an the Five Pillars o Islam, respectively.[2]

Accordin tae Ludvík Mucha, author o Webster's Concise Encyclopedia of Flags & Coats of Arms, the white circle locatit in the centre o the banner represents the sun. The reid crescent an the five-pointit star, twa auncient seembols o Islam, wur maist notably uised on the Ottoman banner an hae syne appeared on mony banners o Islamic kintras. The crescent is, frae the viewpoint o an Arabic observer, supposed tae bring guid luck. The colour reid is a seembol o resistance against Turkish supremacy.[5] Whitney Smith states that the crescent wis first emblazoned on staundarts an buildins in the Punic state o Carthage, locatit in present-day Tunisie. Syne appearin on the Ottoman banner, thay wur widely adoptit bi Muslim kintras, an hae acome kent as seembols o Islam, when in fact, thay mey be cultural seembols.[6]

References eedit

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Alif
  2. a b (in French) "Drapeau de la République tunisienne". Embassy of the Republic of Tunisia to France. Archived frae the original on 5 October 2018. Retrieved 26 Julie 2008.
  3. History of Tunisia by Ibn Abi Dinar
  4. (in French) Lambrechts, Chantal (2005). L’encyclopédie nomade 2006. Paris: Larousse. pp. 707. ISBN 2035202507. OCLC 61139850. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  5. Mucha, Ludvík (1985). Webster's Concise Encyclopedia of Flags & Coats of Arms. New York: Crescent Books. ISBN 0-517-499517. OCLC 12421520. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  6. Smith, Whitney. "Flag of Tunisia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 26 Julie 2008.