auldest an maist elementary branch o mathematics

Arithmetic or arithmetics (frae the Greek wird ἀριθμός, arithmos "nummer") is the auldest[1] an maist elementary branch o mathematics, uised very popularly, for tasks rangin frae simple day-tae-day coontin tae advanced science an business calculations. It involves the study o quantity, especially as the result o operations that combine nummers. In common uisage, it refers tae the simpler properties when uisin the tradeetional operations o addeetion, subtraction, multiplication an diveesion wi smawer values o nummers. Professional mathematicians sometimes uise the term (heicher) arithmetic[2] when referrin tae mair advanced results relatit tae nummer theory, but this should nae be confused wi elementary arithmetic.

Arithmetic tables for childer, Lausanne, 1835


  1. "Mathematics". Science Clarified. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
  2. Davenport, Harold, The Higher Arithmetic: An Introduction to the Theory of Numbers (7th ed.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1999, ISBN 0-521-63446-6

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