Jogjakarta City (forby Jogja, Yogya, Jogjakarta) is a city in the Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesie. It is renouned as a centre o classical Javanese fine airt an cultur siclik batik, ballet, drama, muisic, poetry, an puppet shaws. It is weel kent as a centre for Indonesian heicher education an the seat o Gadjah Mada University, ane o the three maist prestigious universities in Indonesie. Yogyakarta wis the Indonesian caipital durin the Indonesian Naitional Revolution frae 1945 til 1949.
The area o the city o Yogyakarta is 32.5 km². While the city spreads in aw directions frae the kraton (the Sultan's palace), the core o the modren city is tae the north, centrin aroond Dutch colonial-era biggins an the commercial destrict. Jalan Malioboro, wi rows o pavement vendors an nearbi mercat an malls, is the primary shoppin street fur tourists in the city, while Jalan Solo, further north, is a shoppin district maist frequentit bi locals. At the soothren end o Malioboro, on the east side is the muckle local mercat o Beringharjo, no far frae Fort Vredeburg a restored Dutch fort.
At Yogyakarta's centre is the kraton, or Sultan's palace. Surroondin the kraton is a dense populatit residential neeburheid that occupies land that wis umwhile the Sultan's sole domain. Evidence o this umwhile uise remains in the form o auld walls an the ruined Taman Sari, biggit in 1758 as a pleisure gairden. Nae langer uised bi the sultan, the garden haed been mainly abandoned. For a time, it wis uised for hoosin bi palace employees an descendants. Reconstruction efforts began in 2004, an an effort tae renew the neeburheid aroond the kraton haes begun. The steid is a developin tourist attraction.
Nearbi tae the city o Yogyakarta is Mount Merapi. The northren ootskirts o the city run up tae the soothren slopes o the muntain in Sleman Regency (Indonesian leid–Kabupaten). Gunung Merapi (literally Muntain o Fire in Indonesian/Javanese), is an active Stratavolcano locatit on the mairch atween Central Java an Yogyakarta, Indonesie. It is the maist active volcano in Indonesie an haes eruptit on the reglar syne 1548. The volcano last eruptit in November 2010.
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