Ulpia Severina (fl. 3rd century) was a Roman Empress, the wife of the emperor Aurelian. There is evidence that she reigned on her own for some period of time after Aurelian's death in 275, which would make her the only woman to have ruled over the classical Roman Empire. Very little is known about her, as few sources mention her existence. Almost everything known about her, including her name, is gathered from coins and inscriptions.
Nothing certain is known about Ulpia Severina before her marriage to Aurelian. It haes been suggested that she was the dochter ofUlpius Crinitus, a figure appearing in the Historia Augusta. This Ulpius is said tae hae been a stryndant o the line o Trajan an tae hae supportit an adoptit Aurelian. Housomeivver, the Historia Augusta is notoriously unreliable, an the story, an aiblins Ulpius hissel, mey hae been inventit bi propagandists treein tae connect Aurelian wi the "Guid Emperor" Trajan. Some scholars believe that Ulpia Severina wis frae Dacie, whaur the nomen Ulpius wis common due tae the influence o Trajan (Marcus Ulpius Traianus).
At any rate, Ulpia Severina marriet Aurelian probably afore he became emperor in 270. It is kent they haed a dochter. Accordin tae coinage depictin her, Ulpia gained the title Augusta in the hairst o 274, tho it is possible she haed the title even afore that. She receivit the titles o Pia ("pious") an mater castrorum et senatus et patriae ("mither o the barracks (airmies), senate, an kintra").
Thare is considerable numismatic evidence for Ulpia Severina rulin in her awn richt atween the daith o Aurelian an the election o Marcus Claudius Tacitus. Sources mention a interregnum atween Aurelian an Tacitus, an some o Ulpia's coins appear tae hae been mintit efter Aurelian's daith. As such she mey hae been the anerly wumman tae rule ower the whole Roman Empire in her awn pouer.
- Watson, Alaric (1999). Aurelian and the Third Century. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-07248-4. Cite has empty unkent parameter:
- Körner, Christian (23 December 2008). "Aurelian (A.D. 270-275)". De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and Their Families. Retrieved 6 Januar 2011.
- Krawczuk, Aleksander. Poczet cesarzowych Rzymu. Warszawa: Iskry. ISBN 83-244-0021-4. Cite has empty unkent parameter:
Ulpia SeverinaBorn: ? Dee'd: ?
Next known title holder:Magnia Urbica