Thales of Miletus (pronounced /ˈθeɪliːz/ (deprecatit template); Greek: Θαλῆς, Thalēs; c. 624 BC – c. 546 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Miletus in Asia Minor, and one of the Seven Sages of Greece. Many, notably Aristotle, regard him as the first philosopher in the Greek tradition. According to the Bertrand Russell, "Western philosophy begins with Thales." Thales attempt to explain the natural phenomenon in reference to mythology and was tremendously influential in this aspect. All the other pre-Socratic philosophers followed him in attempt of providing an explanation of the ultimate substance. Those philosophers were influential, an eventually Thales' rejection of mythological explanations became an essential idea for the scientific revolution. He was the first to define the general principles and set forth hypotheses, an as a result he has been said the "Father of Science".
In mathematics, Thales used geometry to solve problems and calculating the height of pyramids an the distance of ships from the shore. He is credited with the first use of deductive reasoning applied in geometry, by deriving power corollaries the Thales' Theorem. As a result, he has been hailed as the first true mathematician and is the first kent individual to whom a mathematical discovery has been attributed.
- Aristotle, Metaphysics Alpha, 983b18.
- Russell, Bertrand. "The History of Western Philosophy". 1945
- Singer, C. A Short History of Science to the 19th century. Streeter Press, 2008. p. 35.
- Needham, C.W. Cerebral Logic: Solving the Problem of Mind and Brain. Loose Leaf, 1978. p. 75.
- (Boyer 1991, "Ionia and the Pythagorean's" p. 43)
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