Qom is ane o the 30 provinces o Iran wi 11,237 km², coverin 0.89% o the total aurie in Iran. It is in the north o the kintra, an its provincial caipital is the ceety o Qom. It wis formed frae pairt o Tehran Province in 1995. In 2005, this province haed a population o approximately 2,000,000 oot o which 91.2% residit in urban auries an 8.8% in rural vicinities. The province contains ane ceety, ane coonty, nine rural destricts, an 256 veelages.
The climate o Qom province varies atween a desert an semi-desert climate, an comprises muntainous auries, fuithills an plains. Due tae being locatit near an arid region an far inland, it experiences a dry climate, wi law humidity an scanty rainfaw. Thus, agricultur is no possible in maist o its auries, especially near the salt lake regions. Qom province haes twa lairge salt lakes, namely: Howz e Soltan Lake, which lies 36 km due north o Qom, an Namak Lake, which lies 80 km due east o Qom. Nearly a fift o Namak Lake lies athin Qom province.