Panthera is a genus o the faimily Felidae (cats), which contains fower well-kent livin speshies: the teeger, the lion, the jaguar, an the leopard. The genus comprises aboot hauf o the Pantherinae subfaimily, the big cats. The wird panther, while technically referrin tae aw memmers o the genus, is commonly uised tae specifically designate the black panther, a melanistic jaguar or leopard, an the Florida panther, a subspeshie o cougar (Puma concolor coryi).

Temporal range: Late Miocene – present, 5.95–0 Ma
Panthera leo cf fossilis - radius - Ambrona.JPG
Radial bane o Panthera fossilis
Scientific classification e
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Faimily: Felidae
Subfaimily: Pantherinae
Genus: Panthera
Oken, 1816
Teep species
Felis pardus[2]
Extant species

Panthera tigris
Panthera uncia
Panthera onca
Panthera leo
Panthera pardus

Speshies, subspeshies, an populationsEedit

Thare hae been mony subspeshies o aw fower Panthera speshies suggestit; houiver, mony o the leopard an lion subspeshies are questionable. Recently it haes been proposed that aw sub-Saharan populations o leopards are o the same leopard subspeshies an that aw sub-Saharan populations o lions likwise belong tae the same lion subspeshies, as thay dae nae hae sufficient genetic distinction atween them. Some prehistoric lion subspeshies hae been describit frae historical evidence an fossils. Thay mey hae been separate speshies.

The "black panther" is nae a distinct species but is juist the common name for black (melanistic) specimens o the genus, maist eften encountered in jaguar an leopard speshies.


(Extinct speshies an subspeshies are indicatit wi the seembol †)


  1. a b Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Genus Panthera". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 546–548. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. Allen, J. A. (1902). "Mammal names proposed by Oken in his 'Lehrbuch der Zoologie'" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 16 (27): 373−379.
  3. Hemmer, H.; Kahlike, R.-D.; Vekua, A. K. (2004). "The Old World puma Puma pardoides (Owen, 1846) (Carnivora: Felidae) in the Lower Villafranchian (Upper Pliocene) of Kvabebi (East Georgia, Transcaucasia) and its evolutionary and biogeographical significance". Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie, Abhandlungen. 233: 197–233.
  4. O'Regan, H & Turner, A (2004). "Biostratigraphic & palaeoecological implications of new fossil felid material from the Plio-Pleistocene site of Tegelen, the Netherlands". Palaeontology. 47 (5): 1181–1193. doi:10.1111/j.0031-0239.2004.00400.x.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  5. Luo SJ, Kim JH, Johnson WE, Walt Jvd, Martenson J; et al. (2004). "Phylogeography and Genetic Ancestry of Tigers (Panthera tigris)". PLoS Biol. 2 (12): e442. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020442. PMC 534810. PMID 15583716. Explicit use of et al. in: |author= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)