Masturbation is the sexual stimulation o ane's ain genitals for sexual aroosal or ither sexual pleisur, uisually tae the pynt o orgasm. The stimulation mey involve haunds, fingers, iveryday objects, sex toys sic as vibrators, or combinations o thir. Mutual masturbation (mutual manual stimulation o the genitals atween partners) can be a substitute for sexual penetration. Studies hae foond that masturbation is frequent in humans o baith sexes an aw ages, awtho thare is variation. Various medical an psychological benefits hae been attributit tae a healthy attitude taewart sexual activity in general an tae masturbation in pairteecular. Na causal relationship is kent atween masturbation an ony form o mental or pheesical disorder.
Masturbation haes been depictit in airt syne prehistoric times an is mentioned an discussed in verra early writins. In the 18t an 19t centuries, some European theologians an physeecians descrived it as "heinous", "deplorable", an "hideous", but in the 20t century thir taboos generally declined. Thare has been an increase in discussion an portrayal o masturbation in airt, popular muisic, telly, films, an leeteratur. The day, releegions vary in thair views o masturbation; some view it as a speeritually detrimental practice, some see it as nae spiritually detrimental, an ithers tak a situational view. The legal status o masturbation haes an aw varied throu history an masturbation in public is illegal in maist kintras.
In the Wastren warld, masturbation in preevat or wi a pairtner is generally conseedert a normal an healthy pairt o sexual enjoyment. Ainimal masturbation haes been observed in mony species, baith in the wild an in capteevity.
- "Masturbation – Is Masturbation Normal or Harmful? Who Masturbates? Why Do People Masturbate?". WebMD. 4 March 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
- Coleman, Eli (2012) . "Masturbation as a Means of Achieving Sexual Health" (PDF). In Bockting, Walter O.; Coleman, Eli (eds.). Masturbation as a Means of Achieving Sexual Health. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. p. 7. ISBN 0-7890-2047-5. OCLC 50913590. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 6 September 2015.
Despite the scientific evidence indicating that masturbation is generally a normal variant of sexual expression and that it does not seem to have a causal relationship with sexual pathology, negative attitudes about masturbation persist and it remains stigmatized.
- Hallikeri, Vinay R.; Gouda, Hareesh S.; Aramani, Sunil C.; Vijaykumar, A.G.; Ajaykumar, T.S. (Julie–December 2010). "MASTURBATION—AN OVERVIEW". Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. New Delhi: Medicolegal Society. 27 (2): 46–49. ISSN 0971-1929. Archived frae the oreeginal on 21 August 2016.
Today, masturbatory act is considered as a healthy practice when done in private and an offence if done in the public in most of the countries.Unknown parameter
- Aldo Poiani (19 August 2010). Animal Homosexuality: A Biosocial Perspective. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-139-49038-2.
- "Breeding Soundness Examination of the Stallion". Petplace.com. Archived frae the oreeginal on 5 September 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2011. Unknown parameter
- Bagemihl, Bruce (1999). Biological Exuberance: Animal Homosexuality and Natural Diversity. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-19239-8. Retrieved 21 October 2015.