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Luna 1, an aa kent as Mechta ([Мечта] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help), lit.: Dream),[1] E-1 No.4 an First Cosmic Ship,[2] wis the first spacecraft tae reach the vicinity o the Yird's Muin, an the first spacecraft tae be placed in heliocentric orbit.

RIAN archive 510848 Interplanetary station Luna 1 - blacked.jpg
A museum replica
Mission teep Lunar impactor
Operator Soviet Union
Harvard designation 1959 Mu 1
COSPAR ID 1959-012A
SATCAT no. 112
Spacecraft properties
Manufacturer OKB-1
Launch mass 361 kilograms (796 lb)
Stairt o mission
Launch date Not recognized as a date. Years must have 4 digits (use leading zeros for years < 1000). UTC
Rocket Luna 8K72
Launch steid Baikonur 1/5
Orbital parameters
Reference seestem Heliocentric
Semi-major axis 1.146 AU
Eccentricity 0.14767
Perihelion 0.9766 AU
Aphelion 1.315 AU
Inclination 0.01 degrees[citation needit]
Period 450 days
Lunar fleebi (failed impact)
Closest approach 4 Januar 1959
Distance 5,995 kilometres (3,725 mi)


  1. David Darling, The complete book of spaceflight: from Apollo 1 to zero gravity. John Wiley and Sons, 2003, p. 244. ISBN 0-471-05649-9
  2. Brian Harvey, Russian planetary exploration: history, development, legacy, prospects. Springer, 2007, p.26. ISBN 0-387-46343-7