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Lloyd Stowell Shapley (Juin 2, 1923 – Mairch 12, 2016) wis a distinguished American mathematician an economist. He is a Professor Emeritus at Varsity o Californie, Los Angeles (UCLA), affiliatit wi departments o Mathematics an Economics. He haes contributit tae the fields o mathematical economics an especially gemme theory. Syne the wirk o von Neumann an Morgenstern in 1940s, Shapley haes been regardit bi mony experts as the very personification o gemme theory.[1][2][3] Wi Alvin E. Roth, Shapley wan the 2012 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences "for the theory o stable allocations an the practice o mercat design."[4]

Nobel prize medal.svg
Lloyd Shapley
Shapley, Lloyd (1980).jpg
Lloyd Shapley, 1980
Born Lloyd Stowell Shapley
2 Juin 1923(1923-06-02)
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Died 12 Mairch 2016 (aged 92)
Residence U.S.
Naitionality American
Alma mater Princeton Varsity
Harvard Varsity
Kent for Shapley value
Shapley–Shubik pouer index
stochastic gemmes
Bondareva-Shapley theorem
Shapley–Folkman lemma & theorem
Gale–Shapley algorithm
potential gemme
core, kernel an nucleolus
mercat gemmes
authority distribution
multi-person utility
non-atomic gemmes
Awairds Nobel Memorial Prize
in Economic Sciences
John von Neumann Theory Prize
Scientific career
Fields Mathematics, Economics
Institutions Varsity o Californie, Los Angeles, 1981-
Rand Corporation, 1948-9, 1954-81
Princeton Varsity, 1953-4
US Army, 1943-5
Doctoral advisor Albert W. Tucker
Influences John von Neumann
Martin Shubik
Jon Folkman
Influenced Martin Shubik
Jon Folkman


  1. The Shapley Value: Essays in honor of Lloyd S. Shapley, A.E. Roth, ed., Cambridge University Press, 1988.
  2. Stochastic Games and Related Topics: In Honor of Professor L. S. Shapley, T. E. S. Raghavan, T. S. Ferguson, T. Parthasarathy and O. J. Vrieze, eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990.
  3. R. Aumann's Nobel Lecture. R. Aumann considers L.S. Shapley to be the greatest game theorist of all time.
  4. Official announcement at