Leeberation Teegers o Tamil Eelam

The Liberation Teegers o Tamil Eelam (Tamil: தமிழீழ விடுதலைப் புலிகள், Tamiḻīḻa viṭutalaip pulikaḷ, commonly kent as the LTTE or the Tamil Teegers), wis a separatist militant organisation that wis based in northren Sri Lanka. Foondit in Mey 1976 bi Velupillai Prabhakaran, it waged a secessionist naitionalist campaign tae creaut an independent state in the north an east o Sri Lanka for Tamil fowk.[5] This campaign evolved intae the Sri Lankan Ceevil War, which ran frae 1983 till 2009, when the LTTE wis defeatit bi the Sri Lankan Militar.[6][7]

Liberation Teegers o Tamil Eelam
Forby kent asTamil Tigers
Leader(s)V. Prabhakaran (KIA)
Dates o operation5 Mey 1976 (1976-05-05) – 19 Mey 2009 (2009-05-19)
MotivesThe creation o the independent state o Tamil Eelam in the north an east o Sri Lanka.
Active region(s)Sri Lanka (1976–2009), Indie, Fraunce, Germany, Canadae, Unitit Kinrick, Unitit States, Australie an Swisserland
IdeologyTamil naitionalism
StatusInactive. Militarily defeatit in Mey 2009.[1]
Annual revenueUS$200–300 million prior tae the militar defeat.[2][3]
Means o revenueDonations frae expatriate Tamils, extortion,[4] shipping, sales of weapons and taxation under LTTE controlled areas.


  1. "Rebels admit defeat in Sri Lankan civil war | detnews.com | The Detroit News". detnews.com. Retrieved 30 Mey 2009.
  2. "LTTE international presents an enduring threat". Lakbima News. 2011. Archived frae the original on 19 September 2011. Retrieved 29 Julie 2011. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. "The Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora After the LTTE" (PDF). International Crisis Group. 2010. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 20 Mey 2016. Retrieved 24 August 2011. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  4. Shanaka Jayasekara (2007). "LTTE Fundraising & Money Transfer Operations". satp.org. Archived frae the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 28 Julie 2011. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  5. "Sri Lanka – Living With Terror". Frontline. PBS. Mey 2002. Retrieved 9 Februar 2009.
  6. "SCENARIOS-The end of Sri Lanka's quarter-century war". Reuters. 16 Mey 2009.
  7. "Sri Lanka Rebels Concede Defeat". Voice of America. Colombo. 17 Mey 2009. Archived frae the original on 2 Februar 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013.