Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol tae the Unitit Naitions Framework Convention on Climate Chynge (UNFCCC) is an internaitional treaty that sets bindin obligations on industrialized kintras tae reduce emissions o greenhoose gases.

Kyoto Protocol
Kyoto Protocol tae the Unitit Naitions Framework Convention on Climate Chynge
A warld cairt in which kintras are colored accordin tae their commitment status for the period 2013-2020 o the Kyoto Protocol
Kyoto Protocol participation cairt
(commitment period: 2013–20)

     Pairties; Annex I & II kintras wi bindin tairgets      Pairties; Developin kintras wioot bindin tairgets*      States nae Pairty tae the Protocol      Signatory kintra wi no intention tae ratify the treaty, wi no bindin targets[1]      Kintras that hae renoonced the Protocol, wi no bindin targets*[2]

     Pairties wi no bindin targets in the seicont period, which previously haed targets*[3]
*Note: As pairt o the 2010 Cancún agreements, 76 developed an developin kintras hae made voluntary pledges tae control thair emissions o greenhoose gases.[4][5]
Signed11 December 1997[6]
Effective16 Februar 2005[6]
CondeetionRatification bi 55 States tae the Convention, incorporatin States includit in Annex I which accoonted in tot for at least 55 per cent o the tot carbon dioxide emissions for 1990 o the Pairties includit in Annex I
DepositarySecretar-General o the Unitit Naitions
LeidsArabic, Cheenese, Inglis, French, Roushie an Spainyie
Kyoto Protocol at Wikisource
Kyoto Protocol Extension (2012–20)
Doha Amendment tae the Kyoto Protocol[7]
Ratification o the Doha Amendment
  States that ratified
  Kyoto protocol pairties that did nae ratify
  Non pairties tae the Kyoto Protocol
Draftit8 December 2012[7]
LocationDoha, Qatar[7]
Effectivenae in effect[7]
Condeetionratification bi 3/4 of the member states
Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol at Wikisource


  1. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (2011), Kyoto Protocol, UNFCCC, retrieved 9 December 2011
  2. StarTribune - Canada formally pulls out of Kyoto Protocol on climate change Archived 2015-03-21 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  3. United Nations- Doha Climate Gateway CMP8 Decisions Retrieved 9 Dec 2012.
  4. King, D.; et al. (Julie 2011), "Copenhagen and Cancun", International climate change negotiations: Key lessons and next steps, Oxford, UK: Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, University of Oxford, p. 12, doi:10.4210/ssee.pbs.2011.0003, archived frae the original on 1 August 2013, retrieved 14 Mairch 2014 Explicit use of et al. in: |author= (help) PDF version is also available Archived 2012-01-13 at the Wayback Machine
  5. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (November 2012), The Emissions Gap Report 2012 (PDF), Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP, pp. 14–18, archived frae the original (PDF) on 13 Mey 2016, retrieved 14 Mairch 2014 Executive summary in other languages Archived 2016-05-13 at the Portuguese Web Archive
  6. a b c d "Status of ratification". UNFCC Homepage. Retrieved 5 Juin 2012.
  7. a b c d e "7.c Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol". United Nations. Archived frae the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 21 Januar 2013.