Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; 10 Juin 1922 – 22 Juin 1969) wis an American actress, sangster an dancer. In a career that spanned 45 years, she atteened internaitional fame as an actress in baith muisical an dramatic roles, as a recordin airtist, an on the concert stage. Respectit for her versatility, she received an Academy Juvenile Awaird, a Gowden Globe Awaird, an a Special Tony Awaird. In 1962, Garland wan the Grammy Awaird for Album o the Year for her 1961 dooble LP live recordin Judy at Carnegie Hall—the first wumman tae win in this category. She is conseedert bi mony tae be ane o the greatest airtists o the 20t Century.
Garland in the 1940s
|Born||Frances Ethel Gumm|
10 Juin 1922
Grand Rapids, Minnesota, US
|Died||22 Juin 1969 (aged 47)|
Chelsea, Lunnon, Ingland
Cause o daith
|Ferncliff Seemetry, Hartsdale, New York|
|Eddication||Lawlor's Professional School|
Bancroft Middle Schuil
Varsity Heich Schuil
|Thrift||Actress, sangster, vaudevillian|
|Years active||1924–1969 (sangster)|
|Hicht||4 feet 11 inches (150 cm)|
|Hauf-marrae(s)||David Rose (m. 1941; div. 1944)|
Vincente Minnelli (m. 1945; div. 1951)
Sidney Luft (m. 1952; div. 1965)
Mark Herron (m. 1965; div. 1967)
Mickey Deans (m. 1969)
|Awairds||Leet o awairds an honors|
Garland begoud performin in vaudeville as a bairn wi her twa elder sisters an wis later signed tae Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a teenager. She appeared in mair nor two dozen films for MGM, and is best remembert for her portrayal of Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939). Garland wis a frequent on-screen pairtner o baith Mickey Rooney an Gene Kelly an regularly collaboratit wi director an seicont husband Vincente Minnelli. Some o her film appearances in this period include roles in Meet Me in St. Louis (1944), The Harvey Girls (1946), Easter Parade (1948), an Summer Stock (1950). Garland wis released frae MGM in 1950, efter 15 years wi the studio, amid a series o personal struggles that preventit her frae fulfillin the terms o her contract.
Awtho her film career becam intermittent efter that, twa o Garland's maist creetically acclaimed performances cam late in her career: she received a nomination for the Academy Awaird for Best Actress for her performance in A Star Is Born (1954) an a nomination for Best Supportin Actress for her role in Judgment at Nuremberg (1961). She an aw made record-brakin concert appearances, released aicht studio albums, an hostit her awn Emmy-nominatit telly series, The Judy Garland Show (1963–1964). At age 39, Garland becam the youngest an first female recipient o the Cecil B. DeMille Awaird for lifetime achievement in the film industrie. In 1997, Garland wis posthumously awairded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Awaird. Several o her recordins hae been inductit intae the Grammy Hall of Fame, an in 1999, the American Film Institute placed her amang the 10 greatest female starns o clessic American cinema.
Garland struggled in her personal life frae an early age. The pressurs o early fame affectit her pheesical an mental heal from her teens onwart; her sel-eemage wis influenced an constantly creeticised bi film executives that believed that she wis pheesically unattractive. Thae same executives maneepulatit her onscreen pheesical appearance. Ootthrou her adultheid she wis plagued bi alcohol an substance abuiss, as weel as financial instabeelity; she eften awed hunders o thoosands o dollars in back taxes. Her lifelang addiction tae drogs, includin alcohol, ultimately led tae her daith in Lunnon frae an accidental barbiturate owerdose at age 47.
- Bayard, Louis (16 Apryle 2000). "Supernova". Washington Post. p. X9.
- Brogan, Scott. "The Judy Room – Easter Parade". thejudyroom.com.
- "Stars". AFI.com. American Film Institute.
- Petersen, Anne H. (2014). "10. Judy Garland: Ugly Duckling". Scandals of Classic Hollywood. New York: Plume (Penguin). pp. 157–78 [164, 166–69]. ISBN 978-0142180679.