Muhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak (Arabic: محمد حسني سيد مبارك‎, Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [mæˈħæmːæd ˈħosni ˈsæjːed moˈbɑːɾˤɑk], Muḥammad Ḥusnī Sayyid Mubārak; born 4 Mey 1928; deed 25 Februar 2020)[4] wis the fowert Preses o Egyp frae 7 October 1981 tae 11 Februar 2011.

Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك
Hosni Mubarak ritratto.jpg
4t Preses o Egyp
In office
14 October 1981 – 11 Februar 2011
Prime Meenister
Vice PresesOmar Suleiman[a] (2011)
Precedit biSufi Abu Taleb (Acting)
Succeedit biMohamed Hussein Tantawi (acting)
Mohamed Morsi [1][2][3]
(president)
Prime Meenister o Egyp
In office
7 October 1981 – 2 Januar 1982
Preses
Precedit biAnwar Sadat
Succeedit biAhmad Fuad Mohieddin
Vice Preses o Egyp
In office
16 Aprile 1975 – 14 October 1981
PresesAnwar Sadat
Precedit biHussein el-Shafei
Succeedit biOmar Suleiman[a]
Secretar General o the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
16 Julie 2009 – 11 Februar 2011
Precedit biRaúl Castro
Succeedit biMohamed Hussein Tantawi (Actin)
Commander o the Air Force
In office
23 Aprile 1972 – 16 Aprile 1975
PresesAnwar Sadat
Precedit biAli Mustafa Baghdady
Succeedit biMahmoud Shaker
Director o the Egyptian Air Academy
In office
1967–1969
Precedit biYahia Saleh Al-Aidaros
Succeedit biMahmoud Shaker
Personal details
BornMuhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak
4 Mey 1928(1928-05-04)
Kafr-El Meselha, Egyp
Dee'd25 Februar 2020
Poleetical pairtyNaitional Democratic Pairty (1978-2011)
Spoose(s)Suzanne Thabet (1959–present)
Bairns
Alma mater
ReligionSunni Islam
Signatur
Militar service
AllegianceFlag of Egypt.svg Egyp
Service/branchAir Force Ensign of Egypt.svg Egyptian Air Force
Years o service1950–1975
RankAir Chief Marshal[c]
CommandsCairo West Air Base
Beni Suef Air Base
Egyptian Air Academy
Egyptian Air Force
a. ^ Affice vacant frae 14 October 1981 tae 29 Januar 2011
b. ^ as Chairman o the Supreme Cooncil o the Airmed Forces
c.^ c. militar rank widrawn efter trial

Mubarak wis appointit Vice Preses o Egyp in 1975, an assumed the presidency on 14 October 1981, follaein the assassination o Preses Anwar Sadat. The length o his presidency makkit him Egyp's langest-servin ruler syne Muhammad Ali Pasha.[5] Afore he entered politics, Mubarak wis a career officer in the Egyptian Air Force, servin as its commander frae 1972 tae 1975 an risin tae the rank o air chief marshal.

Mubarak wis oostit efter 18 days o demonstrations durin the 2011 Egyptian revolution.[6] On 11 Februar, Vice Preses Omar Suleiman annoonced that Mubarak haed resigned as preses an transferred authority til the Supreme Cooncil o the Airmed Forces.[7][8] On that day Mubarak an his faimlie left the presidential palace in Cairo an muivit tae Sharm el-Sheikh, Egyp.

Poleetical an militar postsEedit

  • Chairman o the Nan-aligned Muivement
  • Re-electit for a fift term o office (2005)
  • Chairman o the G-15 (1998 & 2002)
  • Re-electit for a fowert term o office (1999)
  • Chairman o the Arab Summit syne Juin (1996)
  • Chairman o the OAU (1993–94)
  • Re-electit for a third term o office (1993)
  • Chairman o the OAU (1989–90)
  • Re-electit for a seicont term o office (1987)
  • Preses o the Naitional Democratic Pairty (1982)
  • Preses o the Republic (1981)
  • Vice-Preses o the Naitional Democratic Pairty (NDP) (1979)
  • Vice-Preses o the Arab Republic o Egyp (1975)
  • Promotit tae the rank o Lieutenant General / Air Marshal (1974)
  • Commander o the Air Force an Deputy Meenister o Defence (1972)
  • Chief o Staff o the Air Force (1969)
  • Director o the Air Force Academy (1968)
  • Commander o Cairo Wast Air Base (1964)
  • Jyned Frunze Militar Academy, USSR (1964)
  • Lecturer in Air Force Academy (1952–59)

NotesEedit

  1. Conal Urquhart and agencies (30 Juin 2012). "Mohamed Morsi sworn in as Egyptian president". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 Julie 2012.
  2. Samer al-Atrush (1 Julie 2012). "Morsi sworn in as Egypt president". Herald Sun. Retrieved 1 Julie 2012.
  3. Yasmine Saleh and Shaimaa Fayed (24 Juin 2012). "Islamist Morsy wins Egyptian presidency with 52 pct". Reuters Africa. Retrieved 1 Julie 2012.
  4. "Profile: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak". Xinhua News Agency. 10 Februar 2010. Retrieved 11 Februar 2011.
  5. Slackman, Michael (8 Mairch 2010). "Hosni Mubarak". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 Januar 2011.
  6. Kirkpatrick, David D. (28 Januar 2011). "Egypt Calls In Army as Protesters Rage". New York Times. Retrieved 28 Januar 2011.
  7. Kirkpatrick, David D.; Shadid, Anthony; Cowell, Alan (11 Februar 2011). "Mubarak Steps Down, Ceding Power to Military". New York Times. Retrieved 11 Februar 2011.
  8. "Egypt crisis: President Hosni Mubarak resigns as leader". BBC. 11 Februar 2010. Retrieved 11 Februar 2011.