Hezbollah (pronoonced /ˌhɛzbəˈlɑː/;[4][5] Arabic: حزب اللهḤizbu 'llāh, leeterally "Pairty o Allah" or "Pairty o God")—an aa transleeteratit Hizbullah, Hizballah, etc.[6]—is a Shi'a Islamic militant group an poleetical pairty based in Lebanon.[7][8][9] Its paramilitar wing is regardit as a resistance movement athort a fair feck o the Arab an Muslim warlds,[7] an is considered mair pouerfu nor the Lebanese Airmy.[10][11] The govrenments o the U.S.,[12] Netherlands,[13][14][15][16] Fraunce,[17] Gulf Cooperation Cooncil,[18] U.K., Australie, Canadae, the European Union[19] an Israel classify Hezbollah as a terrorist organisation, aither the hale o it or jist a pairt o it.[20][21]

Hezbollah
LeaderHassan Nasrallah
Foondit1985 (offeecially)
IdeologyShia Islamism
Anti-imperialism[1][2][3]
Anti-Zionism
ReleegionShia Islam
ColoursYellae, Green
Parliament o Lebanon
12 / 128
Cabinet o Lebanon
2 / 30

ReferencesEedit

  1. Elie Alagha, Joseph (2011). Hizbullah's Documents: From the 1985 Open Letter to the 2009 Manifesto. Amsterdam University Press. pp. 15, 20. ISBN 90-8555-037-8.
  2. Shehata, Samer (2012). Islamist Politics in the Middle East: Movements and Change. Routledge. p. 176. ISBN 0-415-78361-5.
  3. Husseinia, Rola El (2010). "Hezbollah and the Axis of Refusal: Hamas, Iran and Syria". Third World Quarterly. 31 (5).
  4. "Hezbollah". The Collins English Dictionary. Glasgow: HarperCollins. 2013. Retrieved 7 Mey 2013.
  5. "Hezbollah". Webster's New World College Dictionary. Cleveland: Wiley Publishing, Inc. 2012. Retrieved 7 Mey 2013.
  6. Ither transleeterations include Hizbollah, Hezballah, Hisbollah, Hizbu'llah an Hizb Allah.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Jamail, Dahr (20 Julie 2006). "Hezbollah's transformation". Asia Times. Retrieved 23 October 2007.
  8. "A Tweet too far: US editor latest victim of Internet Inquisition". RT. Retrieved 19 October 2010.[deid airtin]
  9. "Hezbollah (a.k.a. Hizbollah, Hizbu'llah)". Council on Foreign Relations. 13 September 2008. Retrieved 15 September 2008.
  10. Barnard, Anne (20 Mey 2013). "Hezbollah's Role in Syria War Shakes the Lebanese". New York Times. Retrieved 20 Juin 2013. Hezbollah, stronger than the Lebanese Army, has the power to drag the country into war without a government decision, as in 2006, when it set off the war by capturing two Israeli soldiers
  11. Morris, Loveday (12 Juin 2013). "For Lebanon's Sunnis, growing rage at Hezbollah over role in Syria". Washington Post. Retrieved 20 Juin 2013. ... Hezbollah, which has a fighting force generally considered more powerful than the Lebanese army.
  12. James B. Steinberg. "Designation of Kata'ib Hizballah as a Foreign Terrorist Organization". Bureau of Public Affairs, Office of the Spokesman. Retrieved 12 Mairch 2013.
  13. Norman, Lawrence; Fairclough, Gordon (7 September 2012). "Pressure Mounts for EU to Put Hezbollah on Terror List". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 3 November 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  14. Krieger, Hilary Leila; , Weinthal, Benjamin (26 October 2012). "US official urges EU to name Hezbollah 'terrorists". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 3 November 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)[deid airtin]
  15. "Dutch FM urges EU to place Hezbollah on terror group list". JTA. 6 September 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
  16. Muriel Asseraf, "Prospects for Adding Hezbollah to the EU Terrorist List", September 2007
  17. "Jewish Leaders Applaud Hezbollah Terror Designation by France". Algemeiner Journal. 4 Apryle 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  18. "GCC: Hezbollah terror group". Arab News. 3 Juin 2013. Retrieved 3 Juin 2013.
  19. Kanter, James, Rudoren, Jodi (22 Julie 2013). "European Union Adds Military Wing of Hezbollah to List of Terrorist Organizations". New York Times. Retrieved 4 September 2013.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  20. Goldirova, Renata (17 September 2008). "MEPs call on EU states to list Hezbollah as terrorist group". EUobserver. Retrieved 6 August 2009.
  21. "Hezbollah, the Party of Terror. Why should be included in the EU terrorist list" (PDF), Friends of Israel Initiative, 5 October 2012