Hanukkah (Ebreu: חֲנֻכָּה khanuká, Tiberian: khanuká, usually spelled חנוכה, pronounced [χanuˈka] in Modren Ebreu, [ˈχanukə] or [ˈχanikə] in Yiddish; a transleeteration an aa romanised as Chanukah or Ḥanukah) is a Jewish haliday commemoratin the rededication o the Haly Temple (the Seicont Temple) in Jerusalem at the time o the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire. Hanukkah is observed for aicht nichts an days, stairtin on the 25t day o Kislev accordin tae the Ebreu calendar, which mey occur at ony time frae late November tae late December in the Gregorian calendar. It is an aa kent as the Festival o Lichts and the Feast o Dedication.
A Hanukkah menorah, or Hanukkiah
|Offeecial name||Ebreu: חֲנֻכָּה or חנוכה|
Scots translation: "Establishin" or "Dedication" (o the Temple in Jerusalem)
|Signeeficance||The Maccabees successfully rebelled against Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Accordin tae the Talmud, a late text, the Temple wis purified an the wicks o the menorah miraculously burned for aicht days, even tho thare wis anerly eneuch sacred ile for ane day's lichtin.|
|Celebrations||Lichtin caunles ilk nicht. Sangin special sangs, sic as Ma'oz Tzur. Recitin Hallel prayer. Eatin fuids fried in ile, sic as latkes an sufganiyot, an dairy fuids. Playin the dreidel gemme, an giein Hanukkah gelt|
|Ends||2 Tevet or 3 Tevet|
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|Relatit tae||Purim, as a rabbinically decreed haliday.|
The festival is observed bi the kindlin o the lichts o a unique candelabrum, the nine-branched menorah (an aa cried a Chanukiah/Hanukiah), ane addeetional licht on each nicht o the haliday, progressin tae aicht on the final nicht. The teepical menorah conseests o aicht branches wi an addeetional veesually distinct branch. The extra licht, wi which the ithers are lit, is cried a shamash (Ebreu: שמש, "attendant") an is gien a distinct location, uisually abuin or ablo the rest. Ither Hanukkah festivities include playin dreidel an eatin ile-based fuids such as daichnuts an latkes. Syne the 1970s, the warldwide Chabad Hasidic muivement haes ineetiatit public menorah lichtins in appen public places in mony kintras.