Euclid (/ˈjuːklɪd/; Auncient Greek: Εὐκλείδης Eukleidēs), fl. 300 BC, an aa kent as Euclid o Alexandria, wis a Greek mathematician, eften referred tae as the "Faither o Geometry". He wis active in Alexandria durin the reign o Ptolemy I (323–283 BC). His Elements is ane o the maist influential wirks in the history o mathematics, servin as the main textbeuk for teachin mathematics (especially geometry) frae the time o its publication till the late 19t or early 20t century.[1][2][3] In the Elements, Euclid deduced the principles o whit is nou cried Euclidean geometry frae a smaa set o axioms. Euclid an aa wrote wirks on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, nummer theory an rigor.

Euclid
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BornUnkent
DiedUnkent
ResidenceAlexandria, Egyp
Kent forEuclidean geometry
Euclid's Elements
Scientific career
FieldsMathematics

"Euclid" is the anglicized version o the Greek name Εὐκλείδης, meanin "Guid Glory".[4]

ReferencesEedit

  1. Ball, pp. 50–62.
  2. Boyer, pp. 100–19.
  3. Macardle, et al. (2008). Scientists: Extraordinary People Who Altered the Course of History. New York: Metro Books. g. 12.
  4. etymonline.com Retrieved 2011-12-04