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The Ryal Steid o San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Spaingie: Monasterio y Sitio de El Escorial en Madrid), commonly kent as El Escorial (Spaingie pronunciation: [el eskoˈɾi̯al]), is a historical residence o the Keeng o Spain, in the toun o San Lorenzo de El Escorial, aboot 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwast o the caipital, Madrid, in Spain. It is ane o the Spaingie ryal steids an functions as a monastery, basilica, ryal palace, pantheon, librar, museum, varsity an hospital. It is situatit 2.06 km (1.28 mi) up the valley (4.1 km [2.5 mi] road distance) frae the toun o El Escorial.

Ryal Steid o San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Vista aerea del Monasterio de El Escorial.jpg
A distant view o the Ryal Seat o San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Location San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Coordinates 40°35′20″N 4°08′52″W / 40.58889°N 4.14778°W / 40.58889; -4.14778Coordinates: 40°35′20″N 4°08′52″W / 40.58889°N 4.14778°W / 40.58889; -4.14778
Airchitect Juan Bautista de Toledo
Govrenin body Meenistry o the Presidency
Offeecial name: Monastery an Steid o the Escorial, Madrid
Teep Cultural
Criterie i, ii, iv
Designatit 1984 (8t session)
Reference no. 318
State Pairty  Spain
Region Europe an North Americae
Offeecial name: Monasterio de San Lorenzo
Teep Real property
Criterie Monument
Designatit 3 Juin 1931
Reference no. (R.I.) - 51 - 0001064 - 00000