Dari (Persie: دریDarī, pronoonced [dæˈɾi]) or Fārsī-ye Darī (Persie: فارسی دری‎, [fɒːɾsije dæˈɾi]) in historical terms refers tae the court leids o the Sassanids.[1] In contemporary usage, the term refers tae the version o Persie leid spoken in Afghanistan, an hence kent as Afghan Persian in some Western soorces.[2][3] It is the term offeecially recognised an promotit bi the Afghan govrenment for the leid.[4]

  • Dari
Leid codes
ISO 639-3

As defined in the Constitution o Afghanistan, Dari is ane o the twa offeecial leids o Afghanistan. Spoken bi at least hauf o the population as first leid,[2] it an aa serves as the lingua franca in Afghanistan.[5] The Iranian an Afghan dialects o Persian are heichlie mutually intelligible. Differences are foond primarily in the vocabulary an phonology.

Dari, spoken in Afghanistan, shoud no be ramfeeselt wi Dari or Gabri o Iran, a leid o the Central Iranian sub-group, spoken in some Zoroastrian communities.[6][7]


  1. Frye, R.N., "Darī", The Encylcopaedia of Islam, Brill Publications, CD version
  2. a b CIA - The World Factbook, "Afghanistan", Updated on 8 July 2010
  3. Documentation for ISO 639 identifier: prs
  4. Lazard, G. "Darī - The New Persian Literary Language", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition 2006.
  5. Dari Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine, UCLA Language Materials Project
  6. "Parsi-Dari" Ethnologue
  7. "Dari, Zoroastrian" Ethnologue