Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a teep o obstructive buff disease chairacterised bi lang-term puir airflow. The main symptoms include shortness o breath an coch wi sputum production. COPD is a progressive disease, meanin it teepically worsens ower time. Eventually everyday activities, such as walkin up stairs, acome difficult. Chronic bronchitis an emphysema are aulder terms uised for different teeps o COPD. The term "chronic bronchitis" is still uised tae define a productive coch that is present for at least three months each year for twa years.
|Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease|
|Synonyms||chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airwey disease (COAD), chronic bronchitis, emphysema, pulmonary emphysema, ithers|
|Gross pathology o a buff shawin centrilobular-teep emphysema chairactereestic o smokin. This close-up o the fixed, cut buff surface shaws multiple cavities filled wi hivy black carbon deposits.|
|Clessification an freemit resoorces|
|Patient UK||Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease|
- Vestbo, Jørgen (2013). "Definition and Overview". Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. pp. 1–7.
- "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Fact sheet N°315". WHO. January 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- Craig, John A. (2012). Ferri's netter patient advisor (2nd ed.). Saunders. p. 913. ISBN 9781455728268.
- Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of COPD (PDF). Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. 2016. p. 2.[deid airtin]