Auvergne (region)

Auvergne (French pronunciation: ​[ovɛʁɲ]; Occitan: Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha) is ane o the 27 admeenistrative regions o Fraunce. It comprises the 4 depairtments o Allier, Puy de Dome, Cantal an Haute Loire.

Banner o Auvergne
Kintra Fraunce
 • PresesRené Souchon (PS)
 • Total26013 km2 (10,044 sq mi)
 • Total1,341,000
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
GDP (2006)[1]Rankit {{{GDP_rank}}}
Tot€32 billion (US${{{GDP_US$}}} bn)
Per capita€23,800 (US${{{GDP_per_capita_US$}}})
NUTS RegionFR7

The current admeenistrative region o Auvergne is lairger than the historical province o Auvergne, an includes provinces an auries that historically wur no pairt o Auvergne. The Auvergne region is componed o the follaein auld provinces:

  • Auvergne: depairtments o Puy-de-Dôme, Cantal, north-wast o Haute-Loire, an extreme sooth o Allier. The province o Auvergne is entirely contained inside the Auvergne region.
  • Bourbonnais: depairtment o Allier. A sma pairt o Bourbonnais is an aw contained inside the Centre region (sooth o the depairtment o Cher).
  • Velay: centre an sootheast o depairtment o Haute-Loire. Velay is entirely contained inside the Auvergne region.
  • a sma pairt o Gévaudan: extreme soothwast o Haute-Loire. Gévaudan is essentially inside the Languedoc-Roussillon region.
  • a sma pairt o Vivarais: extreme sootheast o Haute-Loire. Vivarais is essentially inside the Rhône-Alpes region.
  • a sma pairt o Forez: extreme northeast o Haute-Loire. Forez is essentially inside the Rhône-Alpes region.

Velay, Gévaudan, an Vivarais are aften considered tae be sub-provinces o the auld Languedoc province. Forez is an aw aften considered tae be a sub-province o Lyonnais province. Therefore, the modren region o Auvergne is componed o the provinces o Auvergne, major pairt o Bourbonnais, an pairts o Languedoc an Lyonnais.

The 2002 awaird-winnin film, To Be and to Have (Être et avoir), documents ane year in the life o a ane-teacher schuil in rural Saint-Étienne-sur-Usson, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne.[2]

The region contains mony volcanoes, awtho the last confirmit eruption wis aroond 6,000 year ago. Thay began formin some 70,000 year ago, an maist hae erodit awa leavin plugs o uneruptit hardened magma that form roondit hilltops kent as puys.[3]



In the region surroondin Clermont-Ferrand, the heichest muntain is 1,885m (6,180 ft). Frae north tae sooth, wi a sma ascent aroond the Plateau de Millevaches (978m/3,200 ft) the terrain becomes flatter an rockier. The Auvergne is 25 per cent woodland, 45 per cent grassland, 20 per cent arable land an 10 per cent ither uises (includin urban auries).



The average annual temperatur is 12 degrees C (53 degrees F), an the region receives 510 tae 1,020 mm (20 to 40 in) o rainfaw annually.



Auvergne is ane o the least populated regions in Europe, let alane Fraunce. The département o Cantal wad be amaist completely depopulated if it werena for the toun o Aurillac. Major communities in the region include the caipital Clermont-Ferrand, Montluçon, Aurillac an Vichy.

Major communities

The "Chaîne des Puys" in Puy-de-Dôme


  1. "GDP per inhabitant in 2006 ranged from 25% of the EU27 average in Nord-Est in Romania to 336% in Inner London" (PDF). Eurostat.
  2. IMDB retrieved April 22, 2008
  3. "Chaîne des Puys". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 26 Februar 2009.

Freemit airtins


Coordinates: 45°20′N 3°00′E / 45.333°N 3.000°E / 45.333; 3.000