Atomic nucleus

(Reguidit frae Atomic nuclei)

The nucleus is the very dense region consistin o protons an neutrons at the centre o an atom. It wis discovered in 1911 as a result o Ernest Rutherford's interpretation o the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gowd foil experiment performed bi Hans Geiger an Ernest Marsden unner Rutherford's direction. The proton–neutron model o nucleus wis proponed bi Dmitry Ivanenko in 1932.[1] Almaist aw o the mass o an atom is locatit in the nucleus, wi a very smaa contreibution frae the electron clood.

A model o the atomic nucleus shawin it as a compact bundle o the twa types o nucleons: protons (reid) an neutrons (blue). In this diagram, protons an neutrons leuk lik little baws stuck thegither, but an actual nucleus (as unnerstuid bi modren nuclear physics) cannae be explained lik this, but anly bi uisin quantum mechanics. In a nucleus which occupies a certaint energy level (for ensaumple, the grund state), each nucleon haes multiple locations at ance.


  1. Bernard Fernandez and Georges Ripka (2012). "Nuclear Theory After the Discovery of the Neutron". Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus: A Sixty Year Journey 1896 — 1956. Springer. p. 263. ISBN 9781461441809. Retrieved 15 Februar 2013.