Arturo Toscanini (Italian: [arˈtuːro toskaˈniːni]; 25 Mairch 1867 – 16 Januar 1957) wis an Italian conductor. He wis ane o the maist acclaimed muisickers o the late 19t an o the 20t century, renowned for his intensity, his perfectionism, his ear for orchestral detail an sonority, an his eidetic memory. He wis at various times the muisic director o La Scala in Milan, the Metropolitan Opera in New York, an the New York Philharmonic. Later in his career he wis appyntit the first muisic director o the NBC Symphony Orchestra (1937–54), an this led tae his acomin a hopsehaud name (especially in the Unitit States) throu his radio an televeesion braidcasts an mony recordins o the operatic an symphonic repertoire. Toscanini haed absolute pitch.